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Easy step by step guide on how to use a voltmeter, this information pertains to all car related applications. Difficulty Level - 2 Before you get started if you don't have a voltmeter please visit:
Etekcity MSR-R500 Digital Multimeter, Amp / Ohm / Volt Meter, Multi Tester w/ Diode and Continuity Tester
A voltmeter is usually used in many ways in the automotive repair field, its most basic function is to check for voltage at a particular component such as a battery, brake light or switch.
- To check for voltage (12 volts) at a particular accessory switch the meter to the DC voltage setting.
Voltmeter Set to DC Voltage
- Grasp both negative and positive leads and hold them against the desired test point such as a terminal or wire, the meter will instantly give a reading.
Voltmeter Test Leads
- Start the engine and watch the meter rise in voltage as the alternator starts producing voltage. Switching the voltmeter to AC voltage will test the alternator diodes for leakage which will destroy a battery over time, voltage should be 0 in this test.
Voltmeter Alternator Test
- Switching the meter over to ohms will test the internal winding circuit of any electronically controlled device such as a relay, sensor, fuel injector or motor.
Set Meter to Ohms
- If high resistance or an open circuit is present the unit has failed. Switch the meter to mV to test milli volt generation from a sensor, such as a crank angle sensor while the engine is cranking over.
Test Fuel Injector
- A voltmeter works great for testing pulse voltage which is needed for fuel injectors and ignition coils.
Testing Ignition Coil Pulse
- Gently install a paper clip into the connector to aid in testing when needed. If a sharp probe is used to pierce the wire for testing, use electrical tape to reseal the area. (Note: Do not damage terminals.)
Installing Paper Clip
A digital voltmeter is ideal for home and shop use for troubleshooting and locating faulty wiring. A digital voltmeter can be used to check for good continuity of an electrical circuit by using the ohms of resistance feature. To check for power at a particular electrical circuit, locate a good clean ground before testing begins.
Digital Voltmeter Function Range
DC Voltage 200mV to 1000V
AC Voltage 200mV to 750V
DC Current 200A to 10A
Ohms200 to 2M
Article first published
Manuals and Instructions
Learning To Use A Voltmeter is Easy Here Is How
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