How to Replace a Water Pump

A water pump is bolted to the front of the engine block or timing chain cover and is driven by a serpentine belt, timing belt or timing chain which you should consider servicing at the same time. A water pump and coolant pump are the same thing, the following guide is performed on a rear wheel drive vehicle.

What Goes Wrong?

When a water pump goes bad it can do so in three different ways, the pump shaft seal can fail allowing coolant to leak from the pump's weep hole causing the the engine to overheat, The second failure is the shaft bearing will fail causing a grinding, rumble or squeaking noise. The last way a water pump can go bad is if the impeller either falls off or deteriorates failing to circulate the coolant throughout the engine and radiator. A water pump will typically last between 70,000 and 110,000 miles.

What's the Cost?

Labor time will vary due to the configuration of the vehicle. The determining factors are, front or rear wheel drive, and if the water pump is driven by the timing belt or timing chain, these jobs can take longer because parts of the engine must be taken apart. A new water pump can cost between $65.00 and $130.00 on Amazon or the local parts store. If exact times or procedures are needed you can ask our experts to supply you with the information (free), or consult an online resource such as AllData DIY (pay) but this guide and video will be sufficient in most cases.

Let's Jump In!

Start with the engine cool, and the vehicle on level ground. Raise and support the vehicle using jack stands, use latex gloves and protective eyewear. Slowly loosen the radiator or reservoir cap to relieve any residual pressure inside the cooling system, this will also allow the system to drain more rapidly.
remove radiator cap

The engine coolant should be drained to avoid spillage when unbolting the pump from the engine block or timing cover. Use a fluid catch basin, and open the radiator drain valve or remove the lower radiator hose. (Keep coolant away from animals).
drain coolant

It's a good idea to disconnect the battery to ensure there are no accidental electrical short circuits while working.
remove negative cable

To help gain access to the water pump a few parts will needed to be removed first, such as plastic covers to help uncover the engine. Use a hose clamp tool to remove the upper radiator hose, a pair of channel locks can do the job as well.
remove radiator hose upper

Remove the mounting bolts that hold the upper fan shroud to the radiator, also to the lower part of the shroud. In some cases the fan shroud is one piece, you will be able to remove the shroud completely once the fan blade is removed.
remove fan shroud

A cooling fan may be connected to the water pump, some cars use an electric fan which will be attached to the radiator shroud and will come out in one piece, in this example the fan is mounted to the water pump. A water pump pulley holding tool is necessary to keep the pulley from turning while loosening the clutch fan. You can rent this tool at the local auto parts store, watch this video to see how to remove the fan clutch.
fan clutch removal Fan Clutch Removal Tool
fan clutch removal tool set

Use your cell phone to take a picture of the serpentine belt routing, then locate the belt tensioner which is spring loaded, apply downward pressure to release the belt from the pulleys, in this case we use a 1/2 inch ratchet.
release belt tensioner

In this case, the water pump pulley must be removed before the water pump. The pulley must be held in place to remove the mounting bolts which is done by wedging a large standard (flat blade) screwdriver between the bolts and the center thread. Use a socket or wrench to loosen and remove the bolts and pulley, (Some manufacturers press the pulley onto the water pump which cannot be removed, skip this step).
remove water pump pulley

Watch the Video!

Please watch this video of the job being done, then continue down the guide to glean additional helpful information.

The water pump mounting bolts are now exposed, there may be additional hoses or brackets that will need to be removed depending on the design.
water pump

Locate the mounting bolts that hold the water pump to the engine block or timing cover, use a socket or wrench to remove the bolts, turn counterclockwise, take note on which bolts come out of which location because some bolts can be different lengths that can create problem during reassembly.
remove water pump bolts

Make sure all water pump mounts bolts have been removed, gently tap the pump using a small hammer to break the seal which will enable the pump to be removed from its location, a small amount of coolant will also be released so have your fluid catch pan ready.
tap water pump

Firmly grasp the water pump and wiggle it loose, be careful no to drop it because it could roll into the radiator damaging it.
old water pump

Remove the new water pump from the box and match it to the old pump, check the mounting flange for the fan clutch and the gasket surface, they should be identical. A new gasket or O ring will be included with the new pump, this will help seal the pump to the block or timing cover and avoid leaks.
new water pump

Install the new gasket or O ring seal while making sure not to damage the integrity of either the gasket or the seal, this step is important because it can cause a leak.
water pump gasket

Before the new water pump can be installed the sealing surface must be prepared, this is done by using a gasket scraper or razor blade to remove old gasket making the surface as clean as possible. Use a shop towel and wipe away any dirt and grease from the area until the metal is clean and smooth.
clean water pump gasket seal surface

Use a small amount of gasket sealer (silicone rubber) while mounting the gasket to the pump. Lower the new water pump down into the engine bay and gently insert it into the engine block or timing cover and push it into place. Insert one of the pump's mounting bolts to help keep it in place and tighten it by hand, follow up with the remaining bolts. Be sure to insert the right length bolts into their rightful place or damage can occur when tightening.
install water pump

Use a wrench or ratchet to tighten the mounting bolts in a even cross pattern, torque to factory specification which is usually between 19 and 22 foot pounds.
tighten water pump bolts

If your water pump is equipped with a detachable pulley reinstall the pulley back onto the pump and insert and tighten the mounting bolts in a cross pattern. Use a large flat blade screwdriver to hold the pulley from turning while tightening. The bolts can also be tightened once the serpentine belt is reinstalled.
tighten water pump pulley bolts

Reinstall the serpentine belt and the fan clutch in the same way it was removed, again this would be a good time to replace the belt with a new one. Also, many mechanics feel this is a good time to replace the thermostat, coolant hoses and flush the radiator for safe measure. Reassemble the upper fan shroud and any other plastic clips and guards. Make sure everything is out of the way of the fan blade area.
reinstall serpentine belt and fan clutch

Reinstall the upper and lower radiator hoses and double check your work. Then start adding coolant while looking under the car for any obvious leaks, once the reservoir is full step back from the engine compartment and start the engine. Listen for any strange noises which can be an indication that something is wrong. If the belt has coolant on it you may hear a squeaking noise that should go away in a short amount of time. Watch the level of the coolant and add more while the engine is warming up to operating temperature. Once the engine is warm the thermostat will open and there may be a drop in the coolant level. After topping off the reservoir or radiator coolant level reinstall the radiator cap with the engine still running. Drive the car for a few days and then double check the coolant level once the engine has cooled down, also check for leaks.
add coolant


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