Comprehensive Guide to Detecting Front and Rear Bearing Hub Failure in Automobiles

Understanding the warning signs of bearing hub failure is crucial for maintaining the safety and performance of your vehicle. This guide provides a detailed walkthrough to help you identify potential issues with your automobile's front or rear bearing hubs.


The bearing hub is a critical component in the wheel assembly of a vehicle, enabling smooth rotation of the wheels. Failure in these hubs can lead to significant safety hazards. This guide outlines common symptoms and how to identify them.

Symptom 1: Unusual Noises

One of the first signs of bearing hub failure is strange noises emanating from the vehicle's wheels. These sounds can range from a humming or growling to a grinding noise, especially noticeable when turning or at certain speeds.

  • Listen for a humming or growling noise while driving.
  • Pay attention to any grinding sounds during turns.
  • Note if the noise changes with speed variations.

Symptom 2: Wheel Wobble or Vibration

A failing bearing hub may cause the wheel to wobble or vibrate. This can often be felt in the steering wheel or the floor of the car.

  • Feel for any vibrations or wobbling in the steering wheel.
  • Notice if there is any unusual movement in the wheels when parked.

Symptom 3: ABS Malfunction

Modern vehicles have an ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) sensor integrated into the bearing hub. A malfunction in the bearing can trigger ABS warning lights on the dashboard.

  • Check for ABS warning lights on your dashboard.
  • Be aware of any changes in braking behavior.

Symptom 4: Uneven Tire Wear

A faulty bearing hub can lead to uneven wear on your tires. Regularly inspecting the tires can help identify this issue.

  • Inspect tires for uneven wear patterns.
  • Rotate tires and check if the problem persists.

Symptom 5: Pulling to One Side

If your vehicle starts pulling to one side while driving, it could indicate a problem with the bearing hub.

  • Notice if the car drifts or pulls during normal driving or braking.
  • Test on a flat, straight road for accurate assessment.


Recognizing these symptoms early can prevent further damage to your vehicle and ensure your safety. If you notice any of these signs, it is advisable to have your vehicle inspected by a professional mechanic.

Article published