Blend Door Actuator Heater Air Conditioner Vent Repair
Do you hear a ticking noise from the dash when you turn the key on? Does the
heater blow cold or the air conditioner blow hot? These are signs that your blend
door actuator has gone bad but don't worry, with a little help from us and about
an hour of your time you can replace this part to get your climate control back working
This actuator is used to move temperature and air direction control doors
that are designed into the heater plenum box which controls mode such as floor, middle and defrost
modes and also the temperature of the system such as hot and cold. An actuator
also controls the fresh air or re-circulation modes.
These actuators are made up of an electric motor the turns a plastic gear set either
one way or the other which is connected to the air control door.
A climate controller unit gives an electrical command to the actuator to
start moving the blend door to the end of its travel for full temperature or air direction modes and
somewhere in-between to mix the air. This direction is according to
temperature chosen by the driver or passenger on dual climate controls.
systems have three to four of these units placed in various areas around the
plenum that control mode operation which will vary by the car make and model.
You can use a repair manual or a resource like Google images to located your
particular area in which the actuator needs to be replacement.
An actuator can go bad in two different ways; first the electric motor can
burn out rendering the unit non-responsive so nothing changes when the
temperature or vent mode controls are moved. Next, the gear set will become
brittle and break which will sometimes allow the unit to work while making a
ticking noise and then stop, or not work and just make a clicking
To watch this job being done sit back and enjoy the video, then read down through the article to
pick up on additional tips and information.
Lets Start With The Repair
Before you begin locate and identify the actuator to be replaced. These units
can be either hanging right in front of you once the lower plastic dash cover or
glove box door is removed, or in a little more obscure spot on one side or the
other of the plenum. Sometimes they can be located in inconvenient places
like the top of the heater box, for these repairs it can take a little longer to
You can get an OEM replacement actuator from Amazon for what the garages pay for them,
and with prime get them in the same day. You will need a tool set set including
a 5.5 mm socket for Chevy, GMC, Cadillac, Ford and Lincoln vehicles.
Using a small socket and ratchet remove the mounting bolts that hold the under dash plastic cover
in place. These screws can be in obscure places so look around for them.
Once you have located and removed all of the mounting screws grasp the cover
and gently pull it from the underside of the dash. This will expose the heater
box with various controls including any cables and wiring.
Here is an obvious actuator that hangs below the box which is one of the
easier units to replace. This particular unit controls the temperature
adjustment from hot to cold. On some vehicles the glove box must be removed to access
the actuator while still others will be located above the gas pedal or near the
blower motor on the passenger side.
Begin by using a small screwdriver to release the wiring safety
clip on the harness for the actuator.
Once released gently pull down on the wiring connector and remove it from the
actuator. Inspect the connector for rust or corrosion and clean it as needed.
Next, locate and remove the actuator mounting screws, there should be two or
three screws holding it in place, a small universal might be needed to help
remove the screws in awkward places. Once removed place the screws into a
small container so then don't get lost.
Once all of the mounting screws have been removed the actuator should become loose, grasp the actuator
and pull is straight away from its mount to remove it. After the removal grasp the door pivot and move it
back and forth to its full travel, it should move freely. If you cannot move the
blend door an obstruction has gotten in the way which will make the new actuator fail.
These obstructions can include: pen, tooth pick, small toy or bubble gum to name
a few. If the door is stuck the heater plenum with need to be removed and the
problem resolved before installing the new unit.
Once removed, compare the bad actuator to the new unit. Be sure to check the
wiring harness connector terminals, they should match identically. Now the new
part is ready to be installed.
Now, hold the new part in place as you insert the mounting screws by hand.
Be careful not to cross thread these screws because they thread into the plastic
housing and can easily strip, do not over tighten the screws.
Once all screws are in place, firmly push the wiring harness connector back
into the actuator, you should here a click signaling the correct installing of
After the installation is complete, double check your work and reinstall the
plastic cover. This can take some jostling to get the bolts holes lined up so
hang in there.
Once the cover is in place start the installation of the mounting screws by hand, once
hand threaded in, install the remainder of the screws. Do not tighten the first
screw you have threaded in until all of the screws have been installed because it will make the remainder of the screws harder to
After cover has been re-installed start the engine to test the repair job by
turning the climate control on. Move the controls from hot and cold and from the defrost to the mid and floor
positions to ensure the new actuator is working as it should.
If you have any questions about the subject you just read about please visit
our forum where hundreds of answers have already been given by our mechanics.