How to Replace a Strut and Spring

A strut and spring are designed into the vehicle's suspension to support the load and control movement when traveling over bumps and impurities in the road. Struts assemblies should be replaced in pairs, either front or rear.

What Goes Wrong?

A strut is a series of fluid-oils and pressurized gases controlled by valves and seals which can fail over time and mileage allowing excessive movement which can cause drivability issues that can be dangerous by allowing the vehicle to bounce uncontrollably. The coil spring mounted around the strut can break or become weak which will cause one corner of the vehicle to sag, again causing handling issues.

What Does it Cost?

Strut prices can vary greatly depending application and performance level but in general you can expect to pay from $140.00 for a pair to $130.00 for one on Amazon. Labor time at a shop will run about 1.8 hours each and it is recommended to get a wheel alignment in most cases. If exact labor times or procedures are needed you can ask our experts to supply you with the information (free), or consult an online resource such as AllData DIY (pay) but this guide and video will be sufficient in most cases.

Where is it?

A strut is located at each corner of the vehicle, two in the front and two in the rear which attach to the mainframe or body of the vehicle (upper) and bolt to the lower control arm of the front or rear suspension.

Let's Jump In!

To start, the vehicle will need to be jacked up and supported on jack stands and the wheels removed either front or rear. Anytime you are working with suspension components take note of where the adjustments are made for the alignment. Assuming the alignment is correct proper markings will help you to reassemble parts in the exact place they were when you removed or loosened them. This job is on a 4x4 truck so some steps may be omitted on two wheel drive vehicles.
mark suspension

When dealing with suspension parts it’s best to use a lubricant such as WD40 or equivalent to help facilitate the removal of various nuts and bolts allowing it to sit for a few minutes to penetrate into the threads before you begin.
wd40 tie rod

In most cases you will need to remove the tie rod end from the spindle to add room allowing the removal of the strut assembly. This is a taper fit part and will need to be released before it will come undone which we will show you in the next step.
loosen tie rod nut

Here, the tie rod taper fit is being "shocked" to force the removal. Hold pressure downward with a breaker bar while protecting the thread by leaving the nut (loose) over the threads (not shown). In this case the taper fit was loose enough to where it was easily removed, but this is not always the case. If you have trouble removing the taper fit check out this taper fit removal guide.
remove tie rod

There are two sides of the strut that must be removed, the top and bottom mounting bolts, this shows the bottom nut location which needs to be removed, in this case it is a 21mm (nut size).
strut mount bottom bolt

To remove the bottom bolt you will need to relieve a slight amount of tension from the lower control arm by using a breaker bar.
bottom strut pry bar

Watch the Video!

After the video please continue with the remainder of the guide to glean additional information.

Before the top strut assembly mounting bolts are removed the lower control arm nuts and bolts must be removed. Sometimes it might be easier to remove the lower spindle ball joint which has a taper fit, but not in this case. There will be two nut bolts assemblies, be sure to see the alignment markings before you remove them, this will help you keep the alignment specs upon reassembly.
remove lower control arm bolts

There are three upper mounting nuts that hold the strut to the frame or body of the vehicle, these are the last attachments before the strut can be removed, in this case they are 15mm. It is a little difficult to see the third nut because it is the most inward of the three.
top strut mount nuts

Use a large pry bar to dislodge the lower control arm, then move to the lower strut mount again using the pry bar. As in any suspension replacements a large pry bar is a great help and is highly suggested.
removing strut pry bar

Obtain clearance using the pry bar on the lower control arm to help dislodge the strut, be sure to grasp the strut firmly as to not drop it, remove the strut and spring from the vehicle.
remove strut

Once the old strut and spring assemblies are removed, compare the new units to ensure a proper installation and usability. Reassemble the vehicle in the reverse order to complete the job, a wheel alignment could be necessary in some cases.
new and old struts

Additional Strut and Spring Replacement Videos


Our certified technicians are ready to answer strut and spring questions for free. We hope you saved money and learned from this guide. We are creating a full set of car repair guides. Please subscribe to our 2CarPros YouTube channel and check back often for new videos which are uploaded regularly.

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