Easy step by step repair guide on how to repair an automotive brake pull right
or left, steps are presented in order of popularity and pertain to most vehicles.
Difficulty Scale: 4 of 10
Begin with the vehicle on level ground, in park with the emergency brake set,
using everyday tools while wearing protective gloves and eye wear.
- Many vehicles are equipped with floating
brake calipers which move on slides, when these sides become stuck (seized) the
caliper will either not fully engage or release creating a brake pull. Visit -
Brake Slide Service
Step 2 - If a tie rod end fails it allows the
tire to wonder which is amplified when the brakes are applied creating a pull. Visit
- Replace Tie
Service Brake Caliper Slides
Step 3 - If the ball joints become worn they will
allow suspension components to move out of line causing the car the wonder from
one side to the other when the brakes are applied. When checking the suspension
components lift the car slightly but leave the wheels on the ground, this will take
pressure off and allow proper inspection, (Note: Heavy pressure will make it difficult
to test for play in the ball joint). Use a large pry bar and insert between the
ball joint and spindle, rock back and forth while checking for excessive movement
in the ball joint, no play should be observed.
Install New Tie Rod End
Step 4 - An inner tie rod does much of the same job as the outer and when
worn can allow the tires to pull to one side.
Suspension Ball Joint
Step 5 - When a control arm or strut rod bushing
fails it will allow the wheel to pull to one side when braking. When inspecting
suspension bushings look for cracking, dilapidation or shiny surfaces showing suspension
components that have moved.
Inner Tie Rod End
Step 6 - Tires are designed with many separate
layers that can become dislodged internally. A tire can act one way when the car
is driven normally, and shift within the tire when braking causing a pull. Tires
can also cause a pull that will change if tires are swapped from side to side changing
tire direction and rotation, rotating the tires front to back and check help check
this problem. Visit -
How a Tire Works
Control Arm Bushing
Step 7 - Because a brake hose is constructed of
rubber they can fail internally allowing a small part of the inner hose liner to
become lodged, thus acting like a one way check valve that will either withhold
brake pressure to the caliper or not allow hydraulic pressure to bleed off. Also
if a brake job was recently performed check the hose to make sure it is not kinked
or bent, (Note: Sometimes the hose can get twisted when reinstalling the brake caliper).
Brake components should be close to the same temperature when used, an infrared
laser temperature reader can help with detecting problems by testing rotor and drum
temperature differences from side to side, example: Both front rotors are tested,
the right side reads 190° and the left 80°,
there is a problem.
A slight right hand drift was designed into US and other left hand drive vehicles
to avoid head on collisions when a driver falls asleep or is rendered unconscious.
Brake Flex Hose
Article first published 2016-02-03