Fluid Level Inspection
- Shop towel
- Protective eyewear and gloves
Begin with the car on level ground, engine off, in park with the parking brake set. Release the hood latch and lift the hood. Visit - Open hood Step 1 - Check the engine oil level, the engine oil level is usually indicated by a yellow handle. There are two level indicator marks on the dip stick, upper level and lower level. The distance in between these marks represents one quart, if the oil is in between the marks the level is okay. If the oil level is below the lower level mark oil should be added to avoid engine damage. Visit - Engine oil change and level check. Step 2 - Engine coolant is used to transfer heat from the engine to the radiator by the cooling system. The radiator removes heat from the coolant by forcing air through the radiator cooling fins. Without coolant the engine will overheat, if left unattended severe engine damage will occur. Coolant leaks are a common problem that can lead to overheating. If the coolant level is low or empty the cooling system is leaking. Visit - Cooling system flush and level check.
Washer Fluid Reservoir Fill Step 6 - The power steering system utilizes hydraulic fluid to transfer force from the power steering pump to the rack and pinion or steering box, without power steering fluid the system can not function. Visit - Power steering flush and level check Step 7 - A differential is used in all vehicles. The primary purpose of the differential system is to evenly distribute force to both wheels. Visit - Differential service and fluid check Helpful Information A car operates using a variety of fluids, engine oil, standard or automatic transmission fluid, power steering fluid, brake fluid, front and rear differential fluids (gear oil.) All fluids must be maintained at a proper level, while some are easily checked others will require the car to be lifted.