Parking Brake Shoe Replacement

Easy step by step guide on how to replace an automotive parking brake shoe, though appearances may vary, the process is similar for most vehicles.

Difficulty Scale: 5 of 10

Begin with the vehicle on level ground, in park, safely lifted in the air and supported with jack stands for service.

Step 1
- After the vehicle is safely lifted for service, remove the lug nut cover or hubcap if equipped.

Removing Lug Nut Cover
Step 2
- With the lug nut cover loose, remove it from the wheel.

Lug Nut Cover Removed
Step 3
- Using an air impact loosen the wheel lug nuts. If a lug wrench is used, loosen the lugs one turn while the vehicle is still on the ground.

Remove Lug Nuts
Step 4 - Next, grasp the wheel and lift to remove the wheel off of the wheel studs and away from the vehicle. Slide the tire under the vehicle for added safety.

Remove Wheel
Step 5 - After the wheel has been removed, use a pair of dikes to remove the rotor retainer clip. (Note: This clip will not be reinstalled, its used during the assembly process at the manufacturer, not featured on all vehicles.)

Remove Retainer Clip
Step 6 - Using a socket or a wrench remove both caliper mounting bolts, upper and lower. (Note: A wrench may be needed to hold the caliper slide securely.)

Remove Caliper Mounting Bolts
Step 7 - Once the rear caliper bolts have been removed, lift the brake caliper from the rear brake pads, the caliper will be snug against the pads. Secure the caliper while not allowing it to hang by the brake hose.

Remove Rear Caliper
Step 8 - After the brake caliper has been removed and securely stowed, remove both rear brake pads from the caliper bracket.

Step 9 - Next, loosen and remove both upper and lower caliper bracket mounting bolts.

Remove Caliper Bracket Mounting Bolts
Step 10 - Once the bracket mounting bolt has been removed, lift the mount from the axle housing.

Remove Caliper Mounting Bracket
Step 11 - After the caliper mounting bracket has been removed, use a hammer and strike the rotor sharply, this action will loosen the rotor from the axle flange.

Shocking Rotor
Step 12 - Grasp the brake rotor firmly and lift it off of the axle flange and wheel studs.

Remove Rear Brake Rotor
Step 13 - Once the brake rotor has been removed, inspect the parking brake shoe for wear.

Parking Brake Shoe Wear
Step 14 - After inspection of the shoe lining, remove the anchor bolt which holds the parking brake shoe retainer clip in place.

Removing Parking Brake Shoe Retainer Clip
Step 15 - The parking brake shoe will become loose which will allow the removal of the shoe, this can be a little cumbersome in some vehicles.

Removing Parking Brake Shoe
Step 16 - Compare the worn brake shoe to the replacement shoe. Also, install any new hardware that is included with the replacement shoe set.

New parking Brake Shoe W/Retainer Clip
Step 17 - Before installing the new brake shoe, reset the self adjusters by turning the plunger inward.

Reset Parking Brake Shoe Adjuster
Step 18 - Gently place the new shoe over the axle flange and rotate into position.

Install Parking Brake Shoe
Step 19 - Once in position guide the shoe into the self adjuster plungers and reinstall the retainer clip. Then, reassemble the rear brake assembly by reversing the steps already completed.

Parking Brake Shoe Installed
After the job is complete, push the parking brake lever downward several times to adjust the shoe to the brake surface. Adjustments maybe required, if so, this is performed by tightening the star adjuster wheel, don't over tighten. While driving the vehicle, listen for weird noises as this indicates there is a problem, and further inspection is required.

Tools and Supplies Needed

  • Wrench set
  • Socket set
  • Lug wrench
  • Hydraulic jack
  • Jack stands
  • Replacement parking brake shoes
  • Shop towels
  • Protective eyewear and gloves.
  • Hammer
Helpful Information

The emergency/parking brake or "E" brake is used to securely hold the vehicle when in a stopped position. The brake is also designed to stop the vehicle in case of the primary system fails. On many vehicles with four wheel disc brakes, the parking brake has been integrated within the brake rotor disc.

This system is similar to the traditional drum brake systems with the exception of a wheel cylinder. Most parking brakes are self adjusting, if the parking brake pedal seems low, or if the brake does not hold the vehicle there could be a problem and inspection is required.

Best Practices

  • Lift vehicle to manufacturers recommended instructions and secure with jack stands.
  • Brake material can contain asbestos. Avoid using pressurized air or other devices that can cause brake dust to become airborne.
  • Do not use a hydraulic jack to hold the vehicle while performing work.
Article first published