This vehicle stalls at distance of 40 km fault code: P1451

Tiny
MALLYBOY
  • MEMBER
  • 1998 FORD EXPEDITION
  • 5.4L
  • V8
  • 4WD
  • AUTOMATIC
  • 142,567 MILES
After engine replacement, the vehicle started stalling at distance of 40km, when I diagnose, I pick P1451, P0135, P0155 and P1000. I have solved O2 sensor issues and left with P1451. Please I need to know the location of this Evap vent control solenoid. I attached below picture of the diagnosis.
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 3:26 AM

7 Replies

Tiny
DANNY L
  • EXPERT
Hello, I'm Danny.

Here is the information you requested regarding code P1451. This code is for the evaporative system canister vent solenoid. You will need to test certain wiring so here is a tutorial showing how to check electrical wiring:

https://www.2carpros.com/articles/how-to-check-wiring

I've attached below a diagnostic flow chart for the P1451 code on your Expedition. Hope this helps and thanks for using 2CarPros.
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 5:02 AM
Tiny
MALLYBOY
  • MEMBER
Okay! Thanks for your response, but how do I test the Canister Vent Solenoid to see if it is block or malfunction?
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 6:47 AM
Tiny
DANNY L
  • EXPERT
Hello again.

It's in the flow chart. Measure the solenoid resistance. It should be between 48-65 ohms. Here is a tutorial on how to use a voltmeter:

https://www.2carpros.com/articles/how-to-use-a-voltmeter

Keep us updated as to what you find. Hope this helps and thanks again for using 2CarPros.

Danny-
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 7:17 AM
Tiny
MALLYBOY
  • MEMBER
How do I test the canister vent solenoid: if I put the positive lead of multimeter on the pin 1 of canister vent solenoid and negative lead on the pin2 of canister vent solenoid, am I correct?
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 7:24 AM
Tiny
DANNY L
  • EXPERT
Hello again.

Yes, just have the voltmeter set on the ohm test scale. Hope this helps and thanks again for using 2CarPros.

Danny-
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Tuesday, September 14th, 2021 AT 9:16 AM
Tiny
MALLYBOY
  • MEMBER
Good morning! I have tested the Canister Vent Solenoid and it reads 58.2ohms, check resistance on the power side, tested okay, also check on ground side, tested okay, then I did voltage check on the same power side (red wire) it reads:12.57 volts and the ground side (pink/white wire) it didn't read voltage. Then I set the multimeter to ohm scale since it came direct from ECM, it reads 05.06ohms. Is anything remaining?
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Thursday, September 16th, 2021 AT 12:38 AM
Tiny
ASEMASTER6371
  • EXPERT
Good morning,

Battery voltage is supplied to the vent solenoid with the key on. The ground side is grounded by the ECM when the evap test is initiated.

https://www.2carpros.com/articles/how-to-check-wiring

When the ECM grounds it, the solenoid closes and will not vent air from the tank.

https://www.2carpros.com/articles/evap-system-code-repair

You need a scan tool that can turn the solenoid on and off. That is the way to check it. Checking the ohms is not a test at all. You need voltage checks looking for commands.

I attached some information for you to view. This valves sticks in the open position not allowing the evap system to complete its testing. Very common failure.

Again, you will need a scan tool for testing this valve.

Roy

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Sunday, September 19th, 2021 AT 6:53 AM

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