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DESCRIPTION & OPERATION
Front axle assembly on "T" Series models uses a 7 1/4" ring gear. Front axle assembly has an electric 4WD engage/disengage feature which allows shifting in or out of 4WD while vehicle is moving (under most conditions). The 4WD feature is shifted by a vacuum actuation system.
The vacuum actuation system consists of a vacuum switch and vacuum actuator. Shift mechanism in transfer case triggers vacuum switch to apply engine vacuum to vacuum actuator after about a 3-second delay. The vacuum actuator, in turn, pulls on shift cable which pulls on shift fork in axle. This connects the right axle output shaft to the front axle differential. Torque is now available to front wheels.
Right side of axle assembly consists of a solid axle shaft which rides inside of a stationary axle tube. A short stub shaft with CV joint attached is bolted to right inner axle shaft flange. Left drive axle shaft consists of a flexible drive shaft using an inner tripod joint and outer CV joint. Left axle tripod joint housing is bolted to axle carrier output shaft drive flange. CV joint splined/threaded shaft on outer end of drive axle shaft slips through steering knuckle/hub assembly.
Front axle assembly differential uses a conventional ring and pinion gear set to transmit driving force of engine to the front wheels. Ring and pinion gear set transfers driving force at a 90-degree angle from front drive shaft to drive axle shafts/CV joints.
Vacuum Actuation System Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP.
Page 1 of 1 DRIVE AXLE - FRONT -1996 GMC Jimmy 10/11/2006
Saturday, October 11th, 2008 AT 9:21 AM