Once is has been determined the there is fuel in the tank. The fuel system can be tested for proper pressure. Fuel pressure specifications vary between vehicles. Until recently, most fuel systems used a pressure of 3.5 bar. Some of the new systems use up to 5 or 6 bar. Direct injection systems use 6 bar for the fuel supply system and up to 120 bar pressure to the fuel injectors.
The fuel supply system should be tested using the appropriate fuel pressure gauge. Depending upon the vehicle, the testing methods and connections for the fuel pressure testing equipment differ.
Some vehicles have testing ports with a Schrader valve for easy hookup. Earlier vehicles did not have a test port. Testing fuel pressure required the use of a "T" connector to connect into the fuel system.
Most recently, M56 equipped (SULEV) vehicles have a sealed fuel system which require the use of a special tool.
Fuel injection systems require a residual pressure to present after the engine is switched off. This allows the engine to start immediately after the vehicle has been parked.
If the residual fuel pressure diminishes after the vehicle has been shut off. Upon restart, there will be an extended cranking period before engine start. This is due to the fuel pump attempting to supply enough fuel for startup.
When the fuel system is at rest, there a three components which allow the fuel system to retain sufficient residual pressure. These items are, the fuel pump check valve, the fuel pressure regulator and the fuel injectors.
Saturday, January 23rd, 2010 AT 4:59 AM