Why should I do my car's first service? We are a team of ASE certified
mechanics that have created this guide to help you save money and keep your car
running smoothly for many years to come.
What Goes Wrong?
When you buy a new car the most important thing you can do is keep the
services up and give your car a visual inspection both under the hood and under
the car. Although the manufacturer does a pretty good job on putting the cars
together you would be surprised at the many things they can improve upon.
You might think the dealer will look over you car thoroughly but some
dealerships are interested in only one thing, get the car in and out as fast as
possible. This is why you should be the person to go over your car for the first
service. Any problems you might find should be reported to the dealer and taken care of by the manufacturer's warranty.
Leaks and noises should be at the top of your list when checking for problems.
Common New Car Problems
- Fluid leaks
- Loose or missing suspension bolts
- Loose engine and transmission mounts
- Missing exhaust system heat shields
- Missing exhaust system hangers
- Poor tire wear patterns
- Computer system warning lights
- Low fluid levels
- Low tire air pressure
How Long will it Take?
The first service is mostly an inspection with the exception of the oil change.
The complete maintenance operation should only take you about 45 minutes from
the time you roll the floor jack under the car to the time you check and fill
the fluid levels. Deposing of the waste oil will take about 15 minutes depending
how far you are from an auto parts store. Any store that sells oil must take
waste oil, it's the law.
Begin with the vehicle on flat ground engine off and in park with the emergency
brake on. Wear protective eyewear and gloves. You will need to
use a floor
jack and jack stands
to raise the car for the inspection and service.
Step 1: Inspecting the Vehicle
Start by checking under the hood
to inspect coolant hoses,
engine wiring, intake boot and tube, battery, vacuum line routing and the serpentine belt for any abnormal wear.
Also look for any fluid leaks and try to pinpoint their source and report the problem to the dealership for
Inspect under the vehicle to observe suspension components, driveline and
universal joints while checking for excessive wear or torn lubrication boots.
Also, inspect for "rust dust" on any frame member, universal joints, sway bars,
locating arms, strut rod mounting bolts and any other main frame or suspension
components. This rust colored dust is created from metal on metal contact and is
an indication that a component is experiencing abnormal wear or is loose. Use a floor jack and jack stands to raise the car and look underneath. Many
defects can exist on a new car such as missing or loose bolts on engine mounting
brackets and suspension parts such as sway bars and strut mounts, also wiring
harness routing failure and engine, transmission or differential leaks.
Step 2: Change Motor Oil and Filter
oil and filter change
is mandatory at every service interval. This engine
maintenance is the most vital of all car services. We recommend performing your
own oil changes to ensure the correct oil filter and motor oil is installed.
Step 3: Adding Engine Antifreeze
A car operates using a variety of fluids;
engine oil, transmission and power steering fluid, brake fluid, front and rear differential
fluids. All fluids
must be maintained
at a proper level. While some are easily checked others will
require the car to be a lifted. Most new cars do not have a transmission
dipstick. Also some cars are designed with an electrical steering system which
does not require fluid.
Step 4: Inspect Wipers
Most wiper blades will last through the first service but in extreme foul
weather conditions it's essential to install new wiper blades to ensure proper windshield
vision. Check the blades for cracking or tears in the wiper rubber.
Replacing your car's wiper blades
is a relatively simple job and will only take about 10 minutes.
Step 5: Replace the Air Filter
Inspecting and replacing the engine air filter
is a simple process in most cases. Typically changing the air filter only involves opening the hood and
locating the filter housing that is usually connected the engine air intake.
Step 6: Tire Rotation and Pressure
You can do your own tire rotating by
removing the tires
and using a floor jack and stands to raise and the front
and rear of the car at the same time. This is because the tires should be
rotated from front to back on each side. Never rotate tires from side to side. A tire rotation
is needed to ensure proper tread wear patterns which protect the tire from
early replacement costs. We do not recommend jacking up one side of the
car. A tire rotation can also be done by a local tire or repair shop. Some cars
have different size tires front to rear in which case the tires cannot be
Tire pressure can sometimes be problem when it comes to getting your new car
from the dealer. This is because the manufacturer typically delivers the car
with the tire air pressure a little low which helps the car ride smoother. The
downside of this is decreased fuel economy and increased tire and vehicle wear.
Check the side of the tire which will tell you the max pressure the tire should
be inflated too which is what we recommend you run your tires at.
Step 7: Check Windshield Washer Fluid
Windshield washer fluid is mandatory to keep your visibility unimpaired when
driving your car. This fluid is easily checked and added to by locating the
reservoir under the hood and removing the lid. If you don't have washer fluid to
add use a dash of dish soap and then fill with water. This works surprisingly
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Article first published 2017-01-27