Timing chain marks and locations

  • 2001 SATURN SC1
  • 1.9L
  • 4 CYL
  • 2WD
  • 200,000 MILES
Trying to find the location of timing marks on this engine. Seems to be a secret, no one knows.
Do you
have the same problem?
Wednesday, April 29th, 2020 AT 7:01 PM

1 Reply

Good morning,

There never has been a secret of the timing marks. They are clear and there for re assembly.


I attached the process with pictures for you. Be careful, if the chain has failed, there is a good chance you have valve damage as this is a interference motor which means when it goes out of time, valves will bend for pistons hitting valves.


1. Assemble the timing chain, sprockets, guides and tensioner:
2. Verify that the crankshaft is positioned 90 degrees clockwise past (TDC), viewed from accessory drive belt end of crankshaft. The crankshaft key way sprocket timing mark must be aligned with the cylinder block main bearing cap split line to prevent piston and valve damage.

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

3. If required, bring the camshaft up to number one (TDC). The camshaft can be verified at TDC by loosely installing the sprocket and rotating the sprocket until the timing pin (3/16 in. drill) can be installed. The dowel pin in the camshaft will be located at the 12 o'clock position. Wrench flats 21 mm (7/8 in.) are installed on the camshaft to assist with rotating the cam slightly or by installing the sprocket and bolt. Only turn the camshaft clockwise to prevent intake and exhaust valve damage. The camshaft sprocket and bolt will have to be installed if the camshaft must be rotated more than a few degrees.

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

4. Rotate the crankshaft 90 degree counterclockwise, (viewed from accessory drive belt end of crankshaft) up to number one TDC. The crankshaft sprocket timing mark will align with cylinder block timing mark.

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

Important: One silver link plate aligns with the pip mark on the camshaft sprocket and the other aligns with the crankshaft sprocket tooth that is pointed directly downward at the 6 o'clock position. The pip mark on the crankshaft sprocket must be aligned with the timing mark on the cylinder block.

Excess slack in the chain must be kept to the tensioner side of the cylinder block.

5. Place the timing chain over the camshaft sprocket, and under the crankshaft sprocket. Slide the camshaft sprocket onto the camshaft. The letters FRT on the camshaft sprocket must face forward away from the cylinder head.

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

6. Install the camshaft sprocket timing pin (3/16 in drill).

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

Notice: Do not torque the camshaft retaining bolts against the 3/16 in. timing pins as it will damage the cylinder head.

7. Install the camshaft washer and bolt. Wrench flats 22 mm (7/8 in) are located on the cam to hold it.

Tighten the camshaft sprockets-to-camshaft to 100 Nm (74 lb ft)

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

Important: The timing chain should be snug against the fixed guide.

8. Install the fixed chain guide and check for clearance between the guide to cylinder block and head. The guide must be installed with the word FRONT facing forward away from the cylinder block.

Tighten the timing chain fixed block-to-head to 26 Nm (19 lb ft).

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

9. Install the pivoting chain guide. Check for clearance between the block and head. Torque the bolt and make sure the guide pivots freely.

Tighten the timing chain pivot guide-to-head to 26 Nm (19 lb ft).

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

10. Retract the tensioner plunger and pin the ratchet lever using a 3.18 mm (1/8 in. No. 31) drill. Install the chain tensioner and torque the two bolts. Remove the drill and allow the tensioner Changer to extend.

Tighten the timing chain tensioner-to-block 19 Nm (168 lb in).

11. Verify all timing marks for accuracy. Remove the camshaft timing pins 4.77 mm (3/16 in) drill.

imageOpen In New TabZoom/Print

12. Camshaft timing verification procedure with engine assembled (front cover on):
12.1.Remove the rocker cover.
12.2.Turn the crankshaft until the mark on the crankshaft pulley aligns with the pip mark on the front cover.

Important: The camshaft sprocket timing pin hole is located below the front cover upper gasket surface and cannot be used as a reference. It may be necessary to remove the right-hand road wheel and splash shield to observe timing marks on front cover and crankshaft pulley.

12.3.The letters FRT on the camshaft sprocket should align with the upper gasket surface of the front cover and only the pip mark on the cam sprocket should be at the 12 o'clock position. If the letters and pip mark don't align, rotate the crankshaft an additional 360 degrees. If the letters FRT and pip mark do not align, the crankshaft and camshaft are not timed.

Was this
Thursday, April 30th, 2020 AT 3:49 AM

Please login or register to post a reply.

Sponsored links