Rack and pinion replacement

Tiny
KANDY MURRAY
  • MEMBER
  • 2000 LINCOLN CONTINENTAL
  • V8
  • 2WD
  • AUTOMATIC
  • 10,000 MILES
What tools needed to replace rack and pinion? How do I do it?
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Saturday, June 22nd, 2019 AT 11:34 AM

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Tiny
JACOBANDNICKOLAS
  • EXPERT
Welcome to 2CarPros.

On this vehicle, this is a big job. Many tools will be required. Here are the directions for removal and replacement. All of the pictures correlate with the directions.

_______________________________________________________

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

pic 1

Removal

pic 2

1. Remove the instrument panel lower trim cover.

Pic 3

2. Remove the steering column lower trim panel.

Pic 4

3. Remove the steering column reinforcement panel.

Pic 5

4. Remove the universal joint pinch bolt.

Pic 6

5. CAUTION: Do not rotate the steering wheel when the lower steering column shaft is disconnected, or damage to the air bag sliding contact will result.

Remove the bolt at the intermediate shaft-to-steering gear coupling. Slide the shaft upward to remove from the steering gear.
6. Slide the intermediate shaft downward to remove from the steering column.

Pic 7

7. Remove the steering column opening weather seal.

Pic 8

8. Loosen the retaining screw, and disconnect the engine compartment wiring harness.

Pic 9

9. Remove the bolt and position the upper motor mount out of the way.

Pic 10

10. Remove the ground strap retaining screw.
11. Raise the vehicle.
12. Remove the wheels.

Pic 11

13. Remove the cotter pins and nuts at the tie rod ends.

Pic 12

14. Separate the tie rods from the knuckles, using a suitable puller.

Pic 13

15. Disconnect the height sensors.

Pic 14

16. Disconnect the Heated Oxygen Sensor (HEGO).

Pic 15

17. Remove the catalytic converter inlet pipe retaining nuts (front).

Pic 16

18. Remove the catalytic converter inlet pipe retaining nuts (rear).

Pic 17

19. Remove the catalytic converter outlet flange retaining bolts and nuts.

Pic 18

20. Remove the support bracket retaining bolt and the catalytic converter.

Pic 19

21. Remove the bolts, nuts and subframe insulator braces.

Pic 20

22. Remove the steering gear nuts.
23. Support the subframe, using a suitable jack.

Pic 21

24. Remove the subframe retaining bolts (rear).

Pic 22

25. Loosen the subframe bolts (front).
26. Lower the lift.

Pic 23

27. Remove the pushpins and the heat shield.

Pic 24

28. Remove the screws and the heat shield bracket.

Pic 25

29. Disconnect the wiring at the steering gear.

Pic 26

30. Note: The steering gear must be rotated to clear the bolt from subframe and pulled to the left to access the power steering lines.

Disconnect the pressure and return lines at the steering gear.
31. Remove the steering gear through the left fender opening.

32. CAUTION: There is a check valve located under the hollow bolt that attaches the VAPS pressure block to the steering gear. Failure to install this valve, dome side up, can affect system operation.

If replacing the steering gear, transfer usable parts to the replacement gear.

Installation
1. Position the steering gear in the vehicle.

Pic 27

2. Replace the return line connector seal and the pressure line connector seal.
Use the Seal Replacer to install the seals over the fittings.

Pic 28

3. Connect the pressure and return lines.

Pic 29

4. Position the steering gear on the subframe, and install the retaining nuts.
5. Connect the wiring at the steering gear.

Pic 30

6. Position the heat shield bracket, and install the retaining screws.
7. Position the heat shield, and install the pushpins.
8. Raise the lift.

Pic 31

9. Install the subframe bolts (front).

Pic 32

10. Install the subframe bolts (rear).
11. Remove the lift.

Pic 33

12. Position the subframe insulator braces, and install the retaining bolts.

Pic 34

13. Position the catalytic converter, and install the support bracket retaining bolt.

Pic 35

14. Install the nuts at the exhaust inlet pipe (rear).

Pic 36

15. Install the nuts at the exhaust inlet pipe (front).

Pic 37

16. Install the exhaust flange bolts and nuts.
17. Connect the HEGO sensor wiring.
18. Connect the height sensors.

Pic 38

19. Connect the tie rods, and install the retaining nuts.
20. Install the tie rod end cotter pins.
21. Install the wheels.
22. Lower the vehicle.

Pic 39

23. Position the ground strap, and install the retaining screw.

Pic 40

24. Connect the wiring harness.

Pic 41

25. Install the upper motor mount.
26. Install the weather seal.
27. Install the steering column intermediate shaft.

Pic 42

28. Install the pinch bolt in the intermediate shaft to gear coupling.
29. Install the pinch bolt in the intermediate shaft to column coupling.
30. Install the steering column reinforcement panel.
31. Install the steering column lower trim panel.
32. Install the instrument panel lower trim cover.
33. Fill and leak check the system.
34. Check and, if necessary, adjust the wheel alignment.

_________________

Let me know if this is what you needed.

Take care,
Joe
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Sunday, June 23rd, 2019 AT 12:05 AM

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