Power steering pump reservoir

Tiny
CHELLER
  • MEMBER
  • 2001 FORD ESCORT
  • 4 CYL
  • 2WD
  • AUTOMATIC
  • 154,000 MILES
I need to replace the power steering pump but it doesn't come with the reservoir. How hard is it and what steps are needed to attach the old reservoir to the new pump?
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Thursday, July 18th, 2019 AT 11:33 AM

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Tiny
JACOBANDNICKOLAS
  • EXPERT
Welcome to 2CarPros.

It isn't hard. Here are the directions and the pics correlate with the directions:

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Vehicle Steering and Suspension Steering Power Steering Power Steering Fluid Reservoir Service and Repair Procedures
PROCEDURES
Removal

pic 1

1. Loosen the clamp and disconnect the power steering reservoir pump hose.

Pic 2

2. Loosen the clamp and disconnect the power steering return hose.

Pic 3

3. Remove the (A) bolts and the (B) power steering pump reservoir.

Installation

pic 4

1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
Fill power steering system.

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I don't know if you need them, but here are the directions for pump replacement.

Removal and Installation
Vehicle Steering and Suspension Steering Power Steering Power Steering Pump Service and Repair Procedures Power Steering Pump Removal and Installation
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
Removal
1. Remove the power steering pump reservoir.
2. Remove the power steering pump pulley.
3. Raise and support the vehicle.

Pic 5

4. Remove the (A) six bolts and the (B) RH lower splash shield.

Pic 6

5. Disconnect the power steering pressure hose.
6. Lower the vehicle.

Pic 7

7. Loosen the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump reservoir to pump hose.

Pic 8

8. Remove the (A) three bolts and remove the (B) power steering pump.

Pic 9

9. Use (A) Pulley Remover to remove the (B) power steering pump pulley hub, if necessary.

Installation

pic 10

1. Use (A) Power Steering Pump Pulley Replacer to install the (B) power steering pump pulley hub, if necessary.

Pic 11

2. Install the power steering pump.
1 Position the power steering pump.
2 Install the bolts.

Pic 12

3. Connect the power steering reservoir pump hose and tighten the clamp.
4. Raise and support the vehicle.

Pic 13

5. NOTE: Install a new teflon seal 388898-S on the power steering pressure hose fitting before connecting the hose.

Connect the power steering pressure hose.

Pic 14

6. Install the RH lower splash shield.
7. Lower the vehicle.
8. Install the power steering pump pulley.
9. Install the power steering pump reservoir.
10. Fill the power steering system.

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Once you get the pump and everything back together, here are the bleeding procedures for pump replacement.

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POWER STEERING SYSTEM PURGING

CAUTION: If the air is not purged from the power steering system correctly, premature power steering pump failure could result. This condition can occur on pre-delivery vehicles with evidence of aerated fluid or on vehicles that have had steering component repairs.

1. NOTE: A whine heard from the power steering pump may be caused by air in the system. The power steering purge procedure must be performed prior to any component repair for which power steering noise complaints are accompanied by evidence of aerated fluid.

Remove the power steering pump reservoir cap. Check the fluid.
Use Motorcraft MERCON Multipurpose ATF XT-2-QDX or equivalent MERCON fluid.

Pic 15

2. Tightly insert the stopper of the vacuum pump into the reservoir.
3. Start the vehicle.

Pic 16

4. Apply maximum vacuum and maintain it for a minimum of three minutes with the engine speed at idle.
5. Release the vacuum and remove the vacuum pump.

Pic 17

6. CAUTION: Do not overfill the reservoir.

Fill the reservoir.
Use Motorcraft MERCON Multipurpose ATF XT-2-QDX or MERCON equivalent.

Pic 18

7. Reinstall the vacuum pump. Apply and maintain maximum vacuum.

Pic 19

8. CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than three to five seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump could occur.

Cycle the steering wheel fully to the left and right every 30 seconds for approximately five minutes.
9. Stop the engine, release the vacuum, and remove the vacuum pump.
10. Install the reservoir cap.
11. Check for fluid leaks at all of the connections. If the power steering fluid shows signs of air, repeat this procedure.

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I hope this helps. Let me know how the job turns out for you or if you have other questions.

Take care,
Joe
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Thursday, July 18th, 2019 AT 8:10 PM

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