The ignition timing is controlled by the ECM to maintain the best air-fuel ratio for every running condition of the engine.
The ignition timing data is stored in the ECM. This data forms the map shown.
The ECM receives information such as the injection pulse width and camshaft position sensor signal. Computing this information, ignition signals are transmitted to the power transistor.
E.G, N: 1,800 rpm, Tp: 1.50 msec A BTDC
During the following conditions, the ignition timing is revised by the ECM according to the other data stored in the ECM.
At low battery voltage
The knock sensor retard system is designed only for emergencies. The basic ignition timing is programmed within the anti- knocking zone, if recommended fuel is used under dry conditions. The retard system does not operate under normal driving conditions.
If engine knocking occurs, the knock sensor monitors the condition. The signal is transmitted to the ECM. The ECM retards the ignition timing to eliminate the knocking condition.
Monday, September 17th, 2012 AT 11:14 PM