1.Defective spark plugs
2.Inadequate spark/coil,defective spark plug wire.
3.Lack of compression
4.False air leakage.
5.Faulty fuel injectors.
6.Insufficient fuel pressure.
8.EGR valve that is leaking.
10.Throttle position sensor.
11.Manifold absolute pressure sensor
12.Mass Airflow Sensor
13.Idle air control valve
Note: If it doesn't apply disregard it-
Wednesday, March 16th, 2011 AT 3:14 AM
I've had the same problem and had a lot of work done, including replacing injectors, plugs, oxygen sensors, etc. The rough idle continued until I studied the repair manual and discovered the idle control valve. For a car this old, it was never replaced. I ran down to AutoZone and bought a new one with warranty and replace it. The rough idle immediately disappeared and the engine is so quite know at idle, I hardly notice it. This may not be your problem, but the fact that you have an 89 and have tried other things points to it Generally owners neglect this inexpensive part after many miles of driving.