On A1 and A2 platform vehicles equipped with 010 automatic transaxle, access to the starter motor is limited. Although not necessary, it is recommended that the intake and exhaust manifolds be removed to access the starter.
For safety purposes, disconnect the battery ground cable.
Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle with jackstands.
For A3 vehicles, use a floor jack (with a block of wood on the chock) to support the engine by the oil pan. Do NOT jack the car by the oil pan under any circumstances! The floor jack is ONLY to support the engine while the starter is being removed. The bolts that secure the starter to the transaxle are also used to secure the front engine mount to the transaxle.
If necessary, label the small wires before disconnecting them.
Disconnect the large cable, which is the positive battery cable, from the solenoid.
On 010 transaxle-equipped vehicles, remove the bracket that secures the starter to the engine.
Remove the starter mounting bolts, while supporting the weight of the starter.
Pull the starter straight out from the transaxle.
On vehicles with a manual transaxle, there is a bushing where the starter shaft fits into the bell housing. If the shaft or bushing are worn or if the starter has been jamming, the bushing should be replaced. There is a special bushing removal tool available but a small inside bearing removal tool is usually sufficient.
Install the starter into the transaxle.
Tighten the starter mounting bolts as follows:
All vehicles except 010 transaxle:
M8 nut: 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm)
M10 nut and bolt: 44 ft. Lbs. (60 Nm)
M12 bolt: 33 ft. Lbs. (45 Nm)
010 transaxle only:
Mounting flange bolt: 15 ft. Lbs. (20 Nm)
Mounting bracket bolt: 18 ft. Lbs. (25 Nm)
Attach the electrical connections to the starter.
Be careful not to over tighten the battery cable connection. The metal is soft and the threads will strip easily.
Lower the vehicle from the jackstands.
Connect the negative battery cable.
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Tuesday, March 10th, 2009 AT 10:27 PM