1991 Ford Taurus Axels

Tiny
MGARY
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  • 1991 FORD TAURUS
Drive Train Axles Bearings problem
1991 Ford Taurus Front Wheel Drive Automatic

How do you remove the drivers side axel?
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Saturday, December 13th, 2008 AT 4:22 PM

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Tiny
DAVE H
  • EXPERT
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
HUB BEARINGS
NOTE:Bearings are preset and cannot be adjusted. If bearing is disassembled, complete bearing unit must be replaced.

Removal
Loosen wheel lug nuts. Remove hub nut retainer by turning nut counterclockwise and breaking locking tab. DO NOT use screwdriver or chisel to remove locking tabs. Continue turning nut until nut retainer is removed. Remove washer.
NOTE:DO NOT reuse nut retainer.

Raise and support vehicle on safety stands. Remove tire/wheel assembly. Remove brake caliper by loosening locating pins and rotating caliper off rotor from lower end and lifting upward.
DO NOT remove caliper pins from caliper assembly. Wire caliper aside. Pull rotor from hub. If rotor is stuck, apply rust penetrator to rotor and hub mating surfaces.
Install 3-jaw type puller, and remove rotor by pulling on outside diameter of rotor and pushing on center of hub. If excessive removal force is used, check rotor for lateral runout. Disconnect lower control arm and tie rod from steering knuckle (leave strut attached).
Loosen 2 nuts at top of strut mount in engine compartment. Install Hub Remover/Installer (T81P-1104-C ) assembly, and push CV joint out of hub assembly. See Fig. 2 . Hold knuckle assembly with wire, and remove strut-to-knuckle bolt.
Slide knuckle assembly off strut. Remove wire, and place knuckle assembly on bench. Install 2-jaw puller, and remove hub from knuckle. See Fig. 3 . Ensure shaft protector clears bearing I.D. and is centered.
Using a screwdriver, remove and discard snap ring, which retains bearing in knuckle. Using Bearing Remover/Installer Kit (T83P-1104-AH ), place appropriate spacer on inboard side of knuckle, with step side of spacer up.
Place spacer and knuckle on press face plate. See Fig. 4 . Install bearing remover on inner bearing race. Press bearing out of steering knuckle, and discard.
Remove axle shaft. See AXLE SHAFTS . Place axle shaft in vise with protected jaws. Remove dust seal by uniformly tapping outer edge with hammer and blunt chisel. Discard dust seal.
Fig. 2: Separating CV Joint & Knuckle Assembly
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Fig. 3: Removing Hub From Knuckle
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Fig. 4: Removing Hub Bearing From Knuckle
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Installation
With axle shaft in vise, install dust seal on axle shaft with seal flange facing outward. See Fig. 5 . Install axle shaft. See AXLE SHAFTS .
Remove all foreign material from knuckle bearing bore and hub bearing journal. If hub bearing journal is scored or damaged, replace hub assembly. Using bearing remover/installer kit, place knuckle (inboard of knuckle facing up) on appropriate spacer (step side down). See Fig. 6 .
NOTE:Bearing installers must be positioned as indicated to prevent bearing damage during installation.

Install appropriate bearing installer on bearing outer race face, with undercut side of installer facing bearing. See Fig. 6 . Press bearing in knuckle until it seats completely against knuckle bore shoulder. Install a new snap ring in knuckle groove. Ensure snap ring is properly seated.
Position spacer, step side down, on face plate. Position hub on spacer. Position knuckle assembly on hub with outboard side of knuckle down. Position appropriate bearing remover, flat side down and centered, on bearing.
Press remover until bearing is fully seated on hub. Ensure hub rotates freely on knuckle. To complete installation, reverse removal procedure. Lubricate CV joint splines with SAE 30W oil prior to installing in hub.
During hub nut retainer installation, an audible click should be heard. Replace nut retainer if no click is heard or if any tabs are broken. Tighten nut retainer to specifications, and ensure one tab is positioned in axle shaft slot. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table.
NOTE:DO NOT use power tools to tighten hub nut retainer. DO NOT move vehicle without tightening hub nut retainer.

AXLE SHAFTS
Removal
Remove the wheel/tire assembly and hub nut retainer. See HUB BEARINGS . Remove bolt attaching brake hose to strut.
Remove and discard bolt and nut retaining lower ball joint to steering knuckle. Remove ABS sensor, and move it aside. Pry down on control arm assembly to separate ball joint from steering knuckle. Disconnect stabilizer bar at stabilizer bar.
NOTE:If both axles are removed, Shipping Plugs (T81P-1177-B ) must be installed to prevent differential side gears from moving. If side gears move, transaxle must be removed to realign side gears.

On 2.5L models, remove 2 bolts attaching right intermediate shaft bearing to bracket. On all models, install Puller (T86P-3514-A1 ), Extension (T86P-3514-A2 ) and a slide hammer to inner CV joint. See Fig. 8 . Remove inner CV joint from transaxle.
NOTE:On Taurus 2.5L with automatic transmission, right axle shaft must be removed from transaxle before left axle shaft.

Support inner axle shaft assembly with wire to keep axle shaft straight during outer CV joint removal. Install Hub Remover/Installer (T81P-1104-C ) assembly, and push CV joint out of hub assembly. See Fig. 2 . Remove axle shaft from vehicle.
Fig. 8: Removing Inner CV Joint
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.


http://www.2carpros.com/forum/automotive_pictures/266999_slide_1.jpg



Installation
Replace circlip on transaxle end of axle shaft. To install axle shaft, reverse removal procedure. Ensure circlip is fully seated in transaxle. During hub nut retainer installation, an audible click should be heard.
Replace nut retainer if no click is heard or if any tabs are broken. Tighten nut retainer to specifications, and ensure one tab is positioned in axle shaft slot. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table.
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Saturday, December 13th, 2008 AT 4:57 PM

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