1998 Ford F-150 Failed Smog Test

Tiny
RON KELLER
  • MEMBER
  • 1998 FORD F-150
  • 6 CYL
  • 2WD
  • MANUAL
  • 67,500 MILES
Truck failed smog test for following reasons: Emmisions-Related Powertrain DTCs, Mode 3:
Electronic Control Unit ID: 10
P1506 Manufacturer specific code
PO171 - System too lean (Bank 1)
P0174 - System too lean (Bank 2)

Continuously Monitored Systems DTCs, Mode 7
Electronic Control Unit ID: 10
P1506
Manufacturer specific code.
P0171 System too lean (Bank 1)
p0174 System too lean (Bank 2)

What needs to be fixed to correct these problems?
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Monday, February 23rd, 2009 AT 7:11 PM

2 Replies

Tiny
RASMATAZ
  • MEMBER
PO171/P0174

A lean fuel condition can be caused by:

* Low fuel pressure due to a weak pump or leaky fuel pressure regulator. (Use a fuel pressure gauge to check fuel pressure at idle)

* Dirty fuel injectors. (Try cleaning the injectors)

* Vacuum leaks at the intake manifold, vacuum hose connections or throttle body. (Use a vacuum gauge to check for low intake vacuum)

* Leaky EGR valve. (Check operation of EGR valve)

* Leaky PCV Valve or hose. (Check valve and hose connections)

* Dirty or defective Mass Airflow Sensor (MAF). (Try cleaning the MAF sensor wires or filament with aerosol electronics cleaner. Do NOT use anything else to clean the sensor, and do not touch the sensor wires)

* TIP: On many Fords, a P0171 and/or P0174 Lean Code may sometimes appear because of a bad Differential Pressure Sensor (DPFE). This sensor monitors EGR flow, and is located on the engine near the EGR valve. There are two hoses that connect the sensor to the tube that runs from the exhaust manifold to the EGR valve. The sensor misreads EGR flow and the computer increases EGR which has a leaning effect on the fuel mixture. The fix is to replace the DPFE sensor.
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Monday, February 23rd, 2009 AT 7:18 PM
Tiny
BMRFIXIT
  • EXPERT
Check for vacuum leak
suspect MAF sensor

. On a fully warmed up engine, look at MAF voltage at idle, in Neutral, A/C off (MAF V PID). If it's 30% greater than the nominal MAF V voltage listed in the Powertrain Control/Emissions Diagnosis (PC/ED) Diagnostic Value Reference Charts for your vehicle, or greater than 1.1 volts as a rough guide, the MAF sensor is over-estimating air flow at idle.
If at least two of the previous three steps are true, proceed to disconnect the MAF sensor connector. This puts the vehicle into Failure Mode and Effects Management (FMEM). In FMEM mode, air flow is inferred by using rpm and throttle position instead of reading the MAF sensor. (In addition, the BARO value is reset to a base/unlearned value.) If the lean driveability symptoms go away, the MAF sensor is probably contaminated and should be replaced. If the lean driveability symptoms do not go away, go to the PC/ED Service Manual for the appropriate diagnostics.
NOTE: Due to increasingly stringent emission/OBDII requirements, it is possible for some vehicles with MAF sensor contamination to set fuel system DTCs and illuminate the MIL with no driveability concerns. Disconnecting the MAF on these vehicles will, therefore, produce no improvements in driveability. In these cases, if the BARO, LONGFT1, LONGFT2, and MAF V PIDs indicate that the maf is contaminated, proceed to replace the MAF sensor.
After replacing the MAF sensor, disconnect the vehicle battery (5 minutes, minimum) to reset KAM, or on newer vehicles, use the "KAM Reset" feature on the New Generation Star (NGS) Tester and verify that the lean driveability symptoms are gone.
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Monday, February 23rd, 2009 AT 7:32 PM

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