Black smoke is a sign of too much unburned gas. Some things to check for include fuel pressure too high, a fuel injector stuck open, defective mass air flow sensor, and coolant temperature sensor. Most mechanics will start by connecting a scanner that displays live data to see what the Engine Computer is seeing from the sensors. It's from those readings that it calculates how much fuel is needed.
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Saturday, March 17th, 2012 AT 2:23 PM