When the engine is running, the coolant gets heated, causing it to expand. This expansion increases the pressure inside the cooling system. To prevent damage due to this pressure build-up, the excess coolant is pushed into the overflow tank or reservoir.
Common Causes of Coolant Overflow
- Overheating Engine: When the engine runs hotter than normal, it can cause the coolant to boil and overflow into the reservoir.
- Faulty Radiator Cap: The radiator cap maintains the correct pressure in the cooling system. If it's damaged or worn out, it may allow coolant to be prematurely forced into the reservoir.
- Head Gasket Leakage: A blown head gasket can cause exhaust gases to enter the cooling system, increasing the pressure and pushing coolant into the reservoir.
How to Fix Coolant Overflow
Once you've identified why the coolant is overflowing into the reservoir, the next step is to rectify the issue. Here are some potential fixes:
- Ensure the engine oil is at the correct level. Engine oil helps in heat dissipation.
- Check if the cooling fan is working properly. If it's faulty, replace it.
- Inspect the coolant mixture. It should be a 50/50 mix of antifreeze and water for most climates.
Faulty Radiator Cap
- Remove the radiator cap (only when the engine is cool) and inspect it for damage.
- If the cap appears damaged, worn, or old, replace it with a new one.
Head Gasket Leakage
- Look for signs of a blown head gasket, like white smoke from the exhaust, oil in the coolant, or coolant in the oil.
- If you suspect a head gasket leak, take your car to a professional mechanic for further inspection and repair.
Understanding the causes and solutions for coolant overflow can help you maintain your car's engine health. Always monitor your coolant level and engine temperature to prevent serious damage and costly repairs.
Article published 2023-05-25