High engine oil pressure can cause severe engine damage such as oil pump drive and oil filter failure. Once these conditions occur the engine will rapidly start to wear and ultimately fail.
The oil pressure sender is responsible for supplying feedback data to the gauge
or computer. If this sensor fails it can give a false reading causing the gauge
to read at its highest point. When this problem occurs the oil pressure sensor should
be the first thing that is replaced. If the sensor did not fix the issue try to
unplug the sensor and then turn the key on without starting the engine, the oil
pressure gauge should be at zero pressure. If the gauge still reads max the gauge
is bad and the cluster needs to be replaced.
If the sensor did not fix the issue and the gauge is not a problem, the oil pump
will need to be replaced. There is a pressure relief valve designed into the pump
to allow excess pressure to be bled off. If this valve gets stuck it can force the
pump to work at full pressure. There is no other way to fix this problem. (Engine
oil pan removed and turned over.)
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