Mechanics

THINK MY ALTERNATOR IS ABOUT TO DIE....

2001 Ford Focus • 130,000 miles

51 plate focus 1.8 ztec, battery light has just started flicking on and off when in idle, only does for the first 10 min of a trip then is fine, would I be right to think the alternator? I have had the car for 6 months and havent changed the battery or any other parts.
If it is the alternator how long do you think this would last before replacing?
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Iangx101
October 14, 2011.



The symptom suggests a defective diode inside the generator. In the case of my minivan, I've been driving it like that for over a year. To determine if that is the problem, a load test must be performed with a tester that can measure "ripple". With one bad diode, the ripple will be very high and the most output current you'll be able to get will be very near one third of the unit's rated capacity. A 90 amp generator will only produce 30 amps which is barely enough to run the fuel pump, injectors, ignition system, lights, and radio with little left over to recharge the battery.

If you measure battery voltage while the engine is running, you'll find it's a little on the high side. Normal is between 13.75 and 14.75 volts. The voltage regulator sees the dip in voltage during the period when the defective diode should be passing some output current. It responds to that dip by increasing generator output voltage to try to get the current back up, then it doesn't cut back quick enough when the good diodes are conducting. That's why you might find from 15.0 to 15.5 volts at the battery even though the output current is low.

Caradiodoc
Oct 14, 2011.