Replace Front Brake Pads and Rotors FWD
How to Replace Front Brake Pads and Rotors Video Front brake pads provide up to 70% of a vehicles stopping power. In general, front brake pads wear out twice as fast as rear brake pads, roughly a 2 to 1 ratio on a standard disc-drum brake combination, this will be slightly different on a disc-disc arrangement due to the efficiency of a rear disc brake versus drums. Disc brakes have a definite braking power advantage over drum style brakes and performance is not compromised as much when wet or hot. Some disc brakes utilize cooling fins in-between the braking surfaces of the rotor to maximize cooling efficiency. Replacing brake rotors can vary depending on the make and model of car, two or four wheel drive, front or rear wheel drive. Always replace brake rotors with top quality or OEM (original equipment manufacturer) brake rotors, some less expensive brake rotors can squeak and may not dissipate heat or perform as well because of their inferior metal quality. The same applies to the brake pads; they should be high quality (OEM) to ensure proper performance. Step 1 - Identify Front Disc Brake Components
Front Wheel Drive Brake Assembly Most front disc brake components include: brake rotor, brake pads, brake caliper, caliper mount and brake flex hose. Brake service usual occurs between 15,000 and 30,000 miles depending on driver habits, road conditions and brake pad and rotor materials used. Step 2 - Remove Brake Caliper to Replace Pads
Removing Brake Caliper Mounting Bolts Locate primary caliper mounting bolts; apply wrench pressure counter-clockwise (When looking at the head of the bolt) to remove the bolts, upper and lower. Make sure the bolt threads are in good shape and replace if necessary. Step 3 - Remove Front Brake Caliper
Remove Front Brake Caliper After removing the primary caliper mounting bolts lift the brake caliper off of the rotor and then tie or secure to the side, being careful not to bend or kink the brake caliper flex hose. Thoroughly inspect brake caliper and brake hoses for leakage, cracks or chaffing and replace as needed. Next remove the brake pads (If not mounted in the caliper) and secondary caliper mounting bolts. Notice how great protective gloves work, most mechanics use them. Step 4 - Remove Brake Pads
Remove Front Brake Pads Once the brake pads have been removed, make sure if there is anti rattle hardware to transfer to the new brake pads. Some brake pad manufacturers will include the proper lube (Caliper slides) and anti-rattle hardware to ensure proper performance of their product. Step 5 - Remove Caliper Mount
Remove Caliper Mount Bracket Finish removing secondary caliper mount bolts and remove caliper mount. Note: clean and lube brake caliper slides and pad friction surfaces of all foreign material or build-up.