The glow plugs are controlled by PWM or pulse width modulated signal. You will get no reading from a voltmeter with this check.
Check the wire from number 2 back to the controller and make sure it is not open. If the wire is intact then good chance the controller failed from the glow plug failure.
Yes, it has to be programmed as it is a module with serial data lines.
Check the wire first. I attached a connector diagram for you to view. Verify your powers to the module. There are 2.
A normal functioning system operates as follows:
Turn the ignition ON with the engine OFF, and at room temperature.
The glow plugs turn ON and heat up in 2 seconds and then are pulse-width modulated (PWM) for another 2 seconds.
The glow plug wait lamp is ON for 1 second during cold start.
The glow plug wait lamp may not illuminate during a warm engine start.
If the engine is cranked during or after the above sequence, the glow plugs may cycle ON and OFF after the ignition switch is returned from the start position, whether the engine starts or not. The engine does not have to be running to terminate the glow plug cycling.
The glow plug control module provides glow plug operation after starting a cold engine. This post-start operation is initiated when the ignition switch is returned to Run, from the Start position. This function helps clean up excessive white smoke and/or poor idle quality after starting.
The glow plug initial ON time will vary based on the system voltage and temperature. Lower temperatures cause longer ON times.
Images (Click to enlarge)
Sunday, December 1st, 2019 AT 3:20 PM