2002 Ford Escape EGR code

  • 2002 FORD ESCAPE
  • 6 CYL
  • FWD
  • 85,000 MILES
I'm getting a P0401 fault code. I havejust changed the egr & the module that opens it. In March of 2008 I replaced the dpfe sensor and it corrected the problem until 6 weeks ago. I ran wire through the ports to check for blockage and they were clear. I've asked everyone I know who works on cars, but no answers. The only thing I can possibly come up with even though it's unlikely, is that the dpfe may have gone bad again. A Ford parts man told me it could possibly be the gas cap. Your opinion would be appreciated. Mark
Thursday, January 29th, 2009 AT 2:23 PM

1 Reply

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P0401 OBD-II Trouble Code
Technical Description
Insufficient EGR Flow

What does that mean?
EGR stands for Exhaust Gas Recirculation. It is part of the vehicle emmissions system, and is used to reduce combustion temperature and pressure to control Oxides of Nitrogen. There are generally three parts to the EGR system: the EGR valve, an actuator solenoid, and a differential pressure sensor EGR (DPFE). These things work together to deliver the correct amount of recirculation based on engine temperature, load, etc. The P0401 code means that OBD detected an insufficient amount of EGR.

You may notice drivability problems such as pinging (a.K.A. Pre-ignition knock) when the engine is under load or the vehicle is at higher speeds. There may also be other symptoms.

A code P0401 most likely means one or more of the following has happened:

The DPFE (differential pressure feedback EGR) sensor is faulty and needs to be replaced
There is a blockage in the EGR (tube), most likely carbon buildup
The EGR valve is faulty
The EGR valve may not be opening due to a lack of vaccuum
Possible Solutions
In fixing this code, it is quite common for people to just replace the EGR valve only to have the OBD code return. The EGR valve is not always the culprit.

Use a vacuum pump and pull the EGR valve open while monitoring engine RPM's & DPFE voltage. There should be a noticable difference in RPM's with the EGR open
Clean out the EGR valve and/or tubing to remove deposits
Check the voltage at the DPFE, compare to specified values (refer to a repair manual for your specific model)
Replace the DPFE sensor (with a good quality / OEM one)
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Thursday, January 29th, 2009 AT 3:29 PM

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