Volvo S40

Tiny
JAZZ
  • MEMBER
  • 2001 VOLVO S40
  • 6 CYL
  • FWD
  • AUTOMATIC
  • 120,000 MILES
CODE P0420 BANK 1-CAME UP ON EMISSIONS TEST. MECHANIC
RECOMMENED CHANGING
CONVERTER. COULD IT BE JUST
THEY OXY. SENSORS.
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Thursday, March 10th, 2011 AT 6:23 PM

3 Replies

Tiny
RASMATAZ
  • MEMBER
Could be the snitcher -O2 sensor/s

Causes Of Converter Failures

Fouling, clogging, melt-down and breakage of the ceramic substrate inside a converter are common conditions that can cause problems. Plugging is usually the end result of a melt-down, which occurs because the converter gets too hot. This happens because the engine is dumping unburned fuel into the exhaust. The excess fuel lights off inside the converter and sends temperatures soaring. If it gets hot enough, the ceramic substrate that carries the catalyst melts.
The unburned fuel may be getting into the exhaust because of a bad spark plug or valve, but an overly rich air/fuel mixture is another possibility. In older carbureted engines, a heavy or misadjusted carburetor float may be the underlying cause. But on newer engines with "feedback" carburetion or electronic fuel injection, the engine may not be going into "closed loop" (the normal mode where the computer regulates the air/fuel mixture to minimize emissions).
A bad oxygen sensor or coolant sensor may be giving the computer bogus information. A sluggish or dead O2 sensor will make the computer think the exhaust is running lean, so the computer will try to compensate by making the fuel mixture rich. A coolant sensor that always indicates a cold engine will also keep the system in open loop, which means a steady diet of excess fuel. But it might not be the sensor s fault. A thermostat that s stuck open or is too cold for the application can prevent the engine from reaching its normal operating temperature. So if your converter has failed and needs to be replaced, the engine should be diagnosed for any underlying problems before the new converter is installed.
Another cause of converter clogging and contamination is excessive oil consumption. Worn valve guides or seals can allow oil to be sucked into the engine s combustion chambers. The same goes for worn or damaged rings or cylinders. Oil can form a great deal of carbon, and metals present in the oil can contaminate the catalyst. A compression check or leak-down test will tell you if the rings are leaking, while a fluttering vacuum gauge needle will help you identify worn valve guides
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Thursday, March 10th, 2011 AT 8:41 PM
Tiny
JIS001
  • EXPERT
PO420 definition and possible causes

Condition
The three-way catalytic converter (TWC) efficiency is checked once every driving cycle. The control module applies a different cycle to the front heated oxygen sensor (HO2S). Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) ECM-5A is stored and the rear heated oxygen sensor (HO2S) signal is altered if the three-way catalytic converter (TWC) efficiency is diminished.

Substitute Value
None.

Possible Source

Uneven compression.
Air leakage in the intake system.
Leakage in the exhaust system.
Faulty fuel pressure.
Defective three-way catalytic converter (TWC).
Fault Symptom[s]

May result in poor performance.

If the emissions part of the test passed then the cat will most likely be ok. Look for the root cause to be an exhaust manifold leak. The nuts and studs start to back out and the leak starts to effect both oxygen sensor reading causing it to give a faulty signal. Good luck and let us now what happens please.
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Friday, March 11th, 2011 AT 4:27 AM
Tiny
JIS001
  • EXPERT
I forgot to mention as well about the after repairs. Whatever repair is done to remedy the problem, make sure you reset the fuel trim adaptations. Just reseting the check engine light will not reset adaptations. Trust me on this, I learned that the hard way LOL. One way to reset it if they do not have the equipement is unplugging the ECM connectors for about 5 minutes.
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Friday, March 11th, 2011 AT 4:35 AM

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