That's correct about water not being able to be compressed, but that isn't a concern when it's in the bottom of the engine where the oil is. The liquid has to get into the cylinders to cause "hydro-lock". I suppose it could have gotten forced past the piston rings, but that would have occurred slowly enough that it would have gotten pumped out through the exhaust system. Even if the engine did lock up, it's not the pistons that would be bent. It's the connecting rods they're attached to, and if the engine didn't start, even that is doubtful. The starter motor isn't strong enough to bend connecting rods. Water has to pour into the cylinders while the engine is running for that to happen.
The knocking noise is most likely due simply to the water in the oil. Oil "isolates moving parts from each other", in other words, it lubricates parts. Water doesn't do that so the bearings get torn up. The excessive clearance allows those parts to bang against each other so much that you can hear it.
Bearing failure is serious and is cause to look for a good used engine from a salvage yard, but you have to consider the original overheating problem too. A common cause of that is a leaking cylinder head gasket, and that is also a fairly expensive repair. At the mileage you listed, you already got most of the life out of the engine before some repairs could be expected to be needed.
Before you write the engine off completely, keep working to get the water out, then try to get it started again. Running poorly can also cause knocking sounds that will go away, but until it does, it can sound like engine bearing failure. If the engine runs reasonably well, drain the oil again to get as much of the water out as possible that has made its way into the passages.
Sunday, September 28th, 2014 AT 2:29 AM