Mechanics

CAM BELT

1995 Ford Escort

Engine Mechanical problem
1995 Ford Escort 4 cyl Two Wheel Drive Manual 87568 miles

is it easy to change a cam belt and how do you do it
Avatar
Kimbeddy
December 16, 2008.




REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
TIMING BELT
Removal
Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove accessory drive belt and automatic tensioner. Support engine with floor jack. Remove engine mount at timing belt end of engine.
Remove 2 engine mount-to-bracket bolts. Loosen engine mount through bolt. Rotate engine mount out of way. Remove retaining nuts and timing belt cover.
Rotate crankshaft and align timing mark on camshaft sprocket with timing mark on cylinder head. See Fig. 1. Ensure crankshaft sprocket timing mark aligns with oil pump housing timing mark.
Loosen belt tensioner retaining bolt. Pry belt tensioner away from timing belt and tighten retaining bolt. See Fig. 2. Install mount at timing belt end of engine to support engine.
Remove spark plugs. Raise and support vehicle. Remove retaining bolt and crankshaft damper. Remove timing belt.
CAUTION:DO NOT rotate crankshaft or camshaft with timing belt removed.

If removing camshaft sprocket, remove retaining bolt and camshaft sprocket. If removing crankshaft sprocket, pull sprocket from crankshaft.
CAUTION:DO NOT rotate crankshaft or camshaft with timing belt removed. If camshaft must be rotated, install crankshaft pulley and position crankshaft with cylinder No. 1 at 90 degrees BTDC.

Fig. 1: Aligning Camshaft & Crankshaft Timing Marks
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Fig. 2: Releasing Timing Belt Tension
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Installation
Install camshaft sprocket if removed. Tighten retaining bolt to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS.
Install crankshaft sprocket if removed. Install timing belt over sprockets in counterclockwise direction, starting at crankshaft.
CAUTION:Maintain tension on timing belt between crankshaft and camshaft sprockets when installing belt over remaining sprockets.

Loosen belt tensioner retaining bolt. Allow belt tensioner to apply tension on timing belt.
Rotate crankshaft 2 full revolutions clockwise and realign timing marks. DO NOT rotate crankshaft counterclockwise. Tighten belt tensioner retaining bolt to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS.
To install remaining components, reverse removal procedure. Tighten bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS.


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Dave H
Dec 16, 2008.


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