Mechanics

CHEVROLET MALIBU ENGINE PROBLEM

2008 Chevrolet Malibu • 103,869 miles

Estimate of how much it would cost to fix issues pertaining to codes being thrown of P0010 and P0014?
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February 4, 2013.



Circuit/System Description

The camshaft position (CMP) actuator is attached to each camshaft and is hydraulically operated in order to change the angle of the camshaft relative to crankshaft position (CKP). The CMP actuator solenoid is controlled by the control module. The control module sends a pulse width modulated 12-volt signal to a CMP actuator solenoid. The solenoid controls the amount of engine oil flow to a CMP actuator. The CMP actuator can change the camshaft angle a maximum of 25 degrees. The control module increases the pulse width to accomplish the desired camshaft operation.

Conditions for Running the DTC

The engine is running.

Conditions for Setting the DTC

The ECM detects an open, short to ground, or a short to voltage on the high control circuit or an open on the low reference circuit for more than 0.25 second.

Action Taken When the DTC Sets

DTCs P0010 and P0013 are Type B DTCs.

Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC

DTCs P0010 and P0013 are Type B DTCs.

Circuit/System Verification

Ensure the vehicle has the proper oil viscosity.
Observe the engine oil level. The engine oil level should be within the operating range.
Allow the engine to reach operating temperature.
Increase the engine speed to 1,500 RPM.
Command each CMP actuator to 25 percent. The CMP actuator angle desired parameter should match the CMP actuator actual parameter.
Operate the vehicle within the Conditions for Running the DTC. You may also operate the vehicle within the conditions that you observed from the Freeze Frame/Failure Records data.
Circuit/System Testing

With the ignition ON, measure for battery voltage between the CMP actuator solenoid control of the affected actuator and a ground.
If less than battery voltage, test the CMP actuator control circuit for an open, short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Connect a test lamp between the CMP actuator solenoid control of the affected actuator and a good ground. The test lamp should not illuminate.
If the test lamp illuminates, test the CMP actuator control circuit for a short to voltage. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Command each CMP actuator solenoid between 0-50 percent. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF.
If the test lamp does not turn ON and OFF, test the CMP actuator control circuit for high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Connect a test lamp between the low reference circuit of the CMP actuator solenoid of the affected actuator and battery voltage. The test lamp should illuminate.
If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the low reference circuit for an open, high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Determine that the vehicle has the correct engine oil. Refer to Service and Appearance Care in the owner's manual.
If the engine oil life system monitor displays the Change Oil Soon message, the engine oil is more than one year old, contains additives, or is not the correct viscosity, change the oil.
Test the engine oil pressure.
If the oil pressure is low, correct the low pressure first.
Inspect each CMP actuator solenoid valve assembly for the following: Torn screens
Debris on the screens
Debris clogging the oil ports
Missing screens
Oil seepage at the solenoid connector pins
Inspect for the following conditions: Excessive timing chain play
Proper installation of the CMP actuator assembly
Component Testing

Measure the resistance of each CMP actuator solenoid valve assembly. Resistance should be between 8-12 ohms.
Connect a jumper wire between the CMP actuator low reference circuit at the solenoid and a good ground. Connect a fused jumper wire to the CMP actuator high control circuit at the solenoid. Momentarily touch the fused jumper to B+. Observe the spool valve inside the CMP actuator. The spool valve should move from fully closed to fully opened position.
Repair Instructions

Perform the Diagnostic Repair Verification after completing the diagnostic procedure. See: Verification Tests

Circuit/System Description

The camshaft position (CMP) actuator is attached to each camshaft and is hydraulically operated in order to change the angle of the camshaft relative to crankshaft position (CKP). The CMP actuator solenoid is controlled by the control module. The control module sends a pulse width modulated 12-volt signal to a CMP actuator solenoid. The solenoid controls the amount of engine oil flow to a CMP actuator. The CMP actuator can change the camshaft angle a maximum of 25 degrees. The control module increases the pulse width to accomplish the desired camshaft operation.

Conditions for Running the DTC

The engine is running.

Conditions for Setting the DTC

The ECM detects an open, short to ground, or a short to voltage on the high control circuit or an open on the low reference circuit for more than 0.25 second.

Action Taken When the DTC Sets

DTCs P0011 and P0014 are Type B DTCs.

Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC

DTCs P0011 and P0014 are Type B DTCs.

Circuit/System Verification

Ensure the vehicle has the proper oil viscosity.
Observe the engine oil level. The engine oil level should be within the operating range.
Allow the engine to reach operating temperature.
Increase the engine speed to 1,500 RPM.
Command each CMP actuator to 25 percent. The CMP actuator angle desired parameter should match the CMP actuator actual parameter.
Operate the vehicle within the Conditions for Running the DTC. You may also operate the vehicle within the conditions that you observed from the Freeze Frame/Failure Records data.
Circuit/System Testing

With the ignition ON, measure for battery voltage between the CMP actuator solenoid control of the affected actuator and a ground.
If less than battery voltage, test the CMP actuator control circuit for an open, short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Connect a test lamp between the CMP actuator solenoid control of the affected actuator and a good ground. The test lamp should not illuminate.
If the test lamp illuminates, test the CMP actuator control circuit for a short to voltage. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Command each CMP actuator solenoid between 0-50 percent. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF.
If the test lamp does not turn ON and OFF, test the CMP actuator control circuit for high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Connect a test lamp between the low reference circuit of the CMP actuator solenoid of the affected actuator and battery voltage. The test lamp should illuminate.
If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the low reference circuit for an open, high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the control module.
Determine that the vehicle has the correct engine oil. Refer to Service and Appearance Care in the owner's manual.
If the engine oil life system monitor displays the Change Oil Soon message, the engine oil is more than one year old, contains additives, or is not the correct viscosity, change the oil.
Test the engine oil pressure.
If the oil pressure is low, correct the low pressure first.
Inspect each CMP actuator solenoid valve assembly for the following: Torn screens
Debris on the screens
Debris clogging the oil ports
Missing screens
Oil seepage at the solenoid connector pins
Inspect for the following conditions: Excessive timing chain play
Proper installation of the CMP actuator assembly
Component Testing

Measure the resistance of each CMP actuator solenoid valve assembly. Resistance should be between 8-12 ohms.
Connect a jumper wire between the CMP actuator low reference circuit at the solenoid and a good ground. Connect a fused jumper wire to the CMP actuator high control circuit at the solenoid. Momentarily touch the fused jumper to B+. Observe the spool valve inside the CMP actuator. The spool valve should move from fully closed to fully opened position.
Repair Instructions

Perform the Diagnostic Repair Verification after completing the diagnostic procedure. See: Verification Tests

Camshaft Position Actuator Solenoid Valve Replacement

once the diag is done for each code and the failure identified, then you can get an estimate as a code never idnetifies a bad part. Just a failed system

Roy