2000 Ford Mustang Repair Question
Tire noise, brakes/rotor
1. Today I put my front end on jack stands to check my brakes, rotors, etc...bc I got bored. Before removing the front driver side wheel, I gave it a spun. It would spin freely for maybe 1/2 a revolution and then immediatly slow down. I removed the wheel and spun the rotor and same thing. On a certain part of the rotor, the pad seemed like it would stick on that one part of the rotor. And then move freely once I forced it past that point. the front passenger side seems a little better, it is much easier to spin. While braking, the car doesn't veer to either side. So I don't suspect a brake issue. There is no shutter or shaking while braking. While driving straight. The car wants to veer left though. There are no smells coming from either side and both seem to be generating the same amount of heat. So is it normal for the rotor to not spin freely during a revolution? Also spinning the rotor backwards seems smoother if that helps diagnose.
More info: I have noticed while braking, there is a deep hmm sound. But I notice almost every single sound my car makes due to OCD. Haha and to add to all this mess...I have a vibration in my steering wheel that seems abnormal while driving at highway speeds (50-70). I also have excessive tire noise, which to me seems worse than tire noise. I have replaced both hub assemblies. Which led me to believe its the tires.
2nd question: to keep it simple...after I hit 50mph, I hear a whistling/squeak noise from what I think is the right rear wheel. I notice the sound at 60mph but its very hard to hear due to excessive road noise. Its more noticeble while coasting from 50mph to 40mph or keeping constant at 50mph.
So that's it. Hopefully its not confusing. Id be happy to give more info.
The left brake rotor is warped and could be the cause of the steering wheel shake. There's two ways a rotor can warp. Thickness variation pushes the piston back into the caliper when the thicker section comes around. You feel that in the brake pedal. It pulses up and down once per wheel revolution. If it's bad enough, you might feel that in the steering wheel too. Your rotor most likely has lateral runout. That means the two sides of the braking surface are perfectly parallel like they should be, but they are not parallel to the center where the wheel bolts to. That means the pair of braking surfaces move left and right once per wheel revolution. If you had a GM or Chrysler product your symptom might be a lower than normal brake pedal because the piston got pushed into the caliper while driving, and you have to push the pedal further than normal to get the piston to come out enough to put pressure on the pads. Ford pistons push back into the caliper much harder than other cars so instead, the entire caliper moves left and right once for each wheel revolution. That can tug on the steering knuckle and linkage.
If the lateral runout was bad enough you would feel it in the brake pedal too. In my fancy drawing, the bottom one shows the rotor perfectly centered between the two pads. In the top drawing, the area of the worst lateral runout is between the pads and you can see how much further apart the pads are. Your lateral runout isn't that bad yet and may very likely never get any worse than it is now, but that's what you're feeling when you spin the rotor by hand and feel that tight spot. It's actually so common on any car that we don't even pay attention to it during a brake check.
The humming sound during braking could be tire wear. The blocks of tread squirm against the road surface differently when the force is trying to push them ahead during stopping vs. allowing them to spin freely when cruising. Noise is almost always caused by a "toe" problem. That is the direction each tire is steering when you're driving straight ahead. On the alignment computer, most manufacturers specify 1/16" or 1/8" toe-in. That means the front of the wheels will be that much closer together than the rear edge. Road forces tug the tires back during driving and makes them, (ideally), perfectly parallel. When total toe is off by as little as 1/8", the tires are traveling in two different directions, either toward the center of the car or away from it. The sidewalls can only flex so much, then the tread has to scrub across the road surface. You can identify toe wear by rubbing your hand across or around the tread. It should feel smooth both ways. If you feel a sharp edge on one side of each block of rubber when you rub your hand one way but not the other way, you have toe wear and noise can result. A better way to visualize toe wear is to take a pencil, hold it straight up and down with the eraser on the table. Push down a little, then drag it sideways. You'll see the "leading edge" scrub off making eraser crumbs, but the "trailing edge" lifts up off the table. That part of the tire tread lifts up off the road and doesn't wear away. That's why it has a higher side that you can feel when you run your hand over it one way.
The good news is toe wear usually wears away after an alignment but it can take a few thousand miles. Once in a while the wear pattern keeps on wearing the same way and the noise actually gets worse over time. That depends on the tire design and manufacturer.
Thank you for the highly detailed answer plus the additional diagram and pencil example. I was leaning towards a warped rotor. I just needed a second opinion.
Just one more question if you don't mind. Could the warped rotor cause additional road noise once obtaining a certain speed? I'm able to clearly hear my tire noise but there is another noise which occurs in intervals. Its as if something is rubbing together. Could a warped rotor be the culprit and make noise? Like I stated, it happens in less than 1/2 second intervals. So possibly when the wheel rotates while driving, the sound I hear is the brakes grinding over the warped rotor.
4 questions asked
You could be hearing the rotor, but in the past Ford has used softer metal in their rotors so they transmit less noise into the passenger compartment. One way to tell for sure is to look for a "Chassis Ear" at an auto parts store that rents or borrows tools. That is a set of six microphones, a switch box, and headphones. You clip the microphones to suspect parts, run the wires inside to the switch box, then switch between them and listen while on a test drive. When you find the one that's the loudest, you move all of the microphones to that area to zero in on the source of the noise.
The new version of that tool has four wireless microphones and two that still use wires. Be aware that many mechanics have never seen or even heard of this tool. People who specialize in squeaks and rattles, and alignment mechanics are very familiar with it.
Sounds like a very useful tool. Ill definitely have to check it out! Thank you. And ill probably go ahead and buy a new rotor instead of having it resurfaced. Once again, I greatly appreciate your detailed answer and quick response time. Hopefully the noise is from a warped rotor and just a combination of my worn down tires and not something more expensive. Haha.
4 questions asked
Don't waste your money on a new rotor. It will do the same thing in the same amount of time as if you have a light cut taken on the old rotor. For balanced braking have both machined at the same time. There will be microscopic grooves worn into the rotors and the pads will be worn to match those grooves. After machining, those grooves will be gone in the rotors. It will take a few hundred miles for the pads to wear in to match the rotors again. Until the happens, you will not notice a brake pull on most cars, but stopping ability will be reduced a little. Rotors are machined as part of a brake job so they will more closely match the new linings. Minor warpage like you have is taken care of then too. In between brake jobs, it's not uncommon to machine rotors for brake pedal pulsation or steering wheel shimmy.