Mechanics

REPAIR RACK AND PINION ON A

1998 Lincoln Continental • V8 FWD Automatic • 138,000 miles

Do I need to pull out the transmission or pull the motor or fire wall to change out rack and pinion steering
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Fixya
December 29, 2010.



By the book, not a typical backyard repair!
STEERING GEAR

1. Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove instrument panel lower trim cover. Remove
steering column lower trim panel. Remove steering column reinforcement panel. Remove
steering shaft universal joint pinch bolt.
2. Remove intermediate shaft-to-steering gear coupling bolt. Slide shaft upward to remove from
steering gear. Slide intermediate shaft downward to remove from steering column. Remove
column weather seal. Loosen retaining screw and disconnect engine compartment wiring
harness.
3. Remove upper motor mount bolt and position mount out of way. Remove ground strap
retaining screw. Raise and support vehicle. Remove front tires. Remove tie rod end cotter pins
and castle nuts. Separate tie rod ends from steering knuckles. Loosen tie rod end lock nuts.
Mark tie rod end lock nut position for installation reference.
4. Disconnect front suspension height sensors. Disconnect oxygen sensor. Remove front and rear
catalytic converter inlet pipe nuts. Remove converter outlet flange retaining bolts and nuts.
Remove converter support bracket retaining bolt and remove catalytic converter. Remove
bolts, nuts and subframe insulator braces. Remove 2 steering gear mounting nuts.
5. Support sub frame using Rotunda Powertrain Lift (014-00765) and Universal Powertrain
Removal Bracket (014-00766). Remove rear subframe retaining bolts. Loosen front subframe
retaining bolts. Lower support lift. Remove heat shield bracket. Disconnect steering gear
connectors.
6. Rotate steering gear to clear bolts in subframe. Pull steering gear left to allow hydraulic line
removal. Position drain pan under vehicle.
7. Remove hydraulic lines from steering gear. Carefully remove steering gear through left wheel
opening.
Installation

1. Install NEW teflon "O" rings on hydraulic line fittings. Position steering gear retaining bolts in
steering gear. Insert steering gear through left wheel opening.
2. Install hydraulic lines to steering gear. Connect VAPS electrical connector. Position steering
gear in subframe. Install tie rod end lock nuts and tie rod ends.
3. Install retaining band on heat shield. Attach tie rod ends on steering knuckles. Install and
tighten NEW castle nut to align cotter pin slot. Install NEW cotter pins.
4. Raise jackstands until subframe contacts body. Install subframe bolts. Install and tighten
steering gear-to-subframe retaining nuts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
table.
CAUTION: DO NOT rotate steering wheel when lower column shaft is
disconnected. Damage to air bag sliding contact will result.
CAUTION: There is a check valve located under hollow bolt attaching VAPS
pressure block to steering gear. Install valve, dome side up, or
system operation will be affected.
5. Install catalytic converter. Attach height sensors. Install wheels. Remove jackstands and lower
vehicle. Fill and bleed power steering system.
6. Install secondary steering column boot on steering gear from inside passenger compartment.
Install primary steering column boot.
7. Attach intermediate steering column shaft. Align front end as necessary. See appropriate
SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES article in WHEEL ALIGNMENT.

Merlin2021
Dec 29, 2010.