Acura Code Definitions OBD1

This article contains Acura OBD1 trouble codes definitions and retrieval method.

There are a couple ways to gather trouble codes for Acura. The most common method is to use the led light (sometimes 2 lights) on the side of the computer itself. These color are red and amber in most cases. The red light is used for flashing codes and the amber light is used for fuel injection adjustments. If the single led light indicator is present its used for flashing trouble codes. The computer is located under the carpet on the passengers side in the front floorboard in most cases. On other models the controller is located under the driver's or passenger's front seat.

The secondary method to retrieve codes is using a jumper wire on the diagnostic connector located at the panel by passenger side foot well. Next turn the key to the "ON" position allowing the dash lights to illuminate without cranking the engine over. Watch the flashed light on the PCM and count the flashing lights to decode the trouble code number. Example: Code 21 is 2 long light flashes followed by 1 short flash. A long pause between the short flashes separates the next code that follows.

Code Definition Table:

Code 0 - Electronic control unit (ecu.)

Code 1 - 02 (oxygen) sensor.

Code 3 and 5 - Map sensor.

Code 4 - Crank angle sensor.

Code 6 - Coolant temperature sensor.

Code 7 - Throttle angle sensor TPS.

Code 9 - Cam angle sensor (CAS.)

Code 10 - Intake air temperature sensor.

Code 12 - EGR system fault.

Code 13 - Atmospheric pressure sensor.

Code 14 - Electronic air control valve.

Code 15 - Ignition output signal.

Code 16 - Fuel injector fault.

Code 17 - Vehicle speed sensor.

Code 21 - Spool solenoid valve.

Code 22 - Valve timing oil pressure switch fault.

Code 23 - Knock sensor.

Code 41 - Oxygen sensor heater fault.

Code 43 - Fuel pump supply system.


Written by
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35 years in the automotive repair field, ASE Master Technician, Advanced Electrical and Mechanical Theory.


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Article first published (Updated 2014-12-30)