2000 Chevy Impala secondary air injection system malfunctio

Tiny
2000IMPALAIHAVE
  • MEMBER
  • 2000 CHEVROLET IMPALA
  • 6 CYL
  • FWD
  • AUTOMATIC
  • 133,300 MILES
I own a 2000 chevy impala (3.4L V6), the check engine light popped up. So I tooked it to the shop & the guy told me the computer said code 410 which he said meant. Secondary air injection system malfunction. Which to me, look & sounded like #$^&$%^*%^&GHDFJN %^&. Can somebody please tell me what that means, how it got to be like that & how to fix it & about how much money I would have to put up. Thank you in advance!
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Sunday, February 10th, 2008 AT 8:37 PM

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Tiny
DENNYP
  • EXPERT
It's no B.S. Most likely, you have a bad air check valve or a bad pump. Below is a GM diagnostic chart.

DTC P0410 Secondary Air Injection (AIR) System

Refer to Engine Controls Schematic Engine Data Sensors - MAF, EVAP Purge, Air Injection.

Circuit Description
A secondary air injection (AIR) pump is used on this vehicle in order to lower the tail pipe emissions during startup. The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) grounds the AIR pump relay control circuit, which energizes the AIR pump. The PCM also grounds the AIR combination valve vacuum control circuit, which energizes the AIR vacuum solenoid valve. Vacuum is then applied to both AIR combination valve diaphragms, which open the shutoff valves. The PCM enables both circuits simultaneously when AIR system operation is desired. When the AIR system is active, the AIR pump forces fresh air into the exhaust stream in order to accelerate catalyst operation. The AIR solenoid valves replace the conventional check valves. When the AIR system is inactive the shutoff valves prevent air flow in either direction. DTC P0412 applies to the AIR vacuum control solenoid circuit. DTC P0418 applies to the AIR pump relay control circuit. DTC P0410 sets if an air flow problem is detected.

The PCM will run up to 3 diagnostic tests using the HO2S1 voltage in order to diagnose the AIR system. The first test is a two-part, passive test. The two parts are the AIR Passive Test 1, and AIR Passive Test 2. The second test is a one-part active test called the AIR Active Test.

The AIR Passive/Active Tests consist of:

AIR Passive Test 1
When the AIR system is enabled, the PCM monitors the HO2S 1 voltage for a specific amount of time calculated by the coolant temperature at startup. The HO2S 1 is monitored for 10 seconds if the coolant temperature is more than 90 C (194 F), or for 70 seconds if the coolant temperature is less than 90 C (194 F).
If the HO2S 1 voltage is less than a calibrated amount, the PCM interprets this as an indication that the AIR System is operational and it is considered a test passed.
When the AIR Passive Test 1 completes, the PCM then runs AIR Passive Test 2.
AIR Passive Test 2
When the AIR System is disabled, the PCM monitors the HO2S 1 voltage. The HO2S 1 voltage should increase above a calibrated amount and switch normally.
When the AIR Passive Test 2 is complete and both AIR passive tests indicate a pass, no further action is taken. If either test fails or is inconclusive, the diagnostic will proceed to the AIR Active Test.
AIR Active Test
During this test the PCM turns the AIR system on during closed loop operation. When the AIR system is activated, the PCM monitors the HO2S voltage. If the AIR system is operating properly, the HO2S 1 voltage should go below a predetermined level.
The PCM will repeat this test up to 3 consecutive times with a short delay between each command.
If the PCM determines that the HO2S 1 voltage did not respond as expected during the tests, DTC P0410 will set.
Conditions for Running the DTC
DTCs P0101, P0102, P0103, P0107, P0108, P0112, P0113, P0117, P0118, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0171, P0172, P0300, P0412, P0418, P0442, P0443, P1441, and HO2S DTCs are not set.
The engine operates for more than 2 seconds.
Condition For Not Passing AIR Active Test
The HO2S 1 voltage changes less than 0.06 v or is more than 225 mV for 1.5 seconds during 2.5 seconds of AIR pump operation.

Conditions for Setting the DTC
The pre-catalyst HO2S voltage remains above than 300 mV (Passive) or 150 mV (Active) for a calibrated period of time. AND
The short term FT does not increase a calibrated amount during the test.
Both conditions exist for 3 consecutive tests.
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
The PCM will illuminate the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) during the first trip in which the diagnostic test has been run and failed.
The PCM will store conditions which were present when the DTC set as Freeze Frame and Failure Records data.
Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC
The PCM will turn OFF the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) during the third consecutive trip in which the diagnostic has run and passed.
The history DTC will clear after 40 consecutive warm-up cycles have occurred without a malfunction.
The DTC can be cleared by using a scan tool.
Diagnostic Aids
Inspect for the following conditions:

Many situations may lead to an intermittent condition. Perform each inspection or test as directed.

Important: : Remove any debris from the connector surfaces before servicing a component. Inspect the connector gaskets when diagnosing or replacing a component. Ensure that the gaskets are installed correctly. The gaskets prevent contaminate intrusion.

Loose terminal connection

- Use a corresponding mating terminal to test for proper tension. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections, and to Connector Repairs in Wiring Systems for diagnosis and repair.

- Inspect the harness connectors for backed out terminals, improper mating, broken locks, improperly formed or damaged terminals, and faulty terminal to wire connection. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections, and to Connector Repairs in Wiring Systems for diagnosis and repair.

Damaged harness--Inspect the wiring harness for damage. If the harness inspection does not reveal a problem, observe the display on the scan tool while moving connectors and wiring harnesses related to the sensor. A change in the scan tool display may indicate the location of the fault. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems for diagnosis and repair.

Inspect the powertrain control module (PCM) and the engine grounds for clean and secure connections. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems for diagnosis and repair.

If the condition is determined to be intermittent, reviewing the Snapshot or Freeze Frame/Failure Records may be useful in determining when the DTC or condition was identified.

Test Description
The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.

DTC P0412 AIR Solenoid Valve Control Circuit and P0418 AIR Pump Relay Control Circuit should be diagnosed first if either are set.

This step begins testing for a short to ground in the AIR pump feed circuit.

Listen for a running motor. Command both the ON and OFF states. Repeat the commands as necessary.

This step begins testing for a short to voltage in the pump feed circuit.

This step tests for voltage at the AIR pump relay switch feed circuit.

This step bypasses the relay.

This step tests for voltage on the AIR pump feed circuit.

This step tests for an open on the pump ground circuit.

The AIR pump is not designed to run continuously. If the pump needs to be replaced, check for conditions that may cause continuous pump operation.

Step
Action
Values
Yes
No

1
Did you perform the Powertrain On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) System Check?
--
Go to Step 2
Go to Powertrain On Board Diagnostic (OBD) System Check

2
Are DTCs P0412 or P0418 set?
--
Go to Applicable DTC table
Go to Step 3

3
Is the AIR pump relay switch feed fuse OK?
--
Go to Step 4
Go to Step 13

4
Use a scan tool in order to command the AIR pump ON and OFF.

Does the AIR pump turn ON and OFF with each command?
--
Go to Step 10
Go to Step 5

5
Does the AIR pump run continuously?
--
Go to Step 16
Go to Step 6

6
Disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Probe the relay switch feed circuit using a test lamp that is connected to a good ground.
Does the test lamp illuminate?
--
Go to Step 7
Go to Step 17

7
With a fused jumper wire, jumper the relay switch feed circuit to the AIR pump feed circuit.

Does the AIR pump operate?
--
Go to Step 25
Go to Step 8

8
Leave the fused jumper in place.
Disconnect the AIR pump.
Probe the feed circuit of the pump with a test lamp that is connected to a good ground.
Does the test lamp illuminate?
--
Go to Step 9
Go to Step 18

9
Connect a test lamp between the feed circuit of the pump and the ground circuit of the pump.

Does the test lamp illuminate?
--
Go to Step 27
Go to Step 19

10
Disconnect the AIR hose/pipe from the AIR pump.
Use a scan tool in order to command the AIR pump ON.
Is air flow present at the AIR pump outlet?
--
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 28

11
Reconnect the AIR hose/pipe to the AIR pump.
Disconnect the AIR hose/pipe from the AIR combination valve.
Use a scan tool in order to command the AIR pump ON.
Is air flow present at the AIR hose/pipe outlet?
--
Go to Step 12
Go to Step 22

12
Inspect the following:

With the engine running, test for engine vacuum at the AIR combination valve. If vacuum is not present, inspect for a damaged, pinched or disconnected vacuum line, a blocked/restricted vacuum port, or a faulty vacuum control solenoid valve.
Inspect for a damaged, pinched, or disconnected vacuum line between the vacuum control solenoid and the actuator diaphragm.
Did you find and correct the condition?
--
Go to Step 23
Go to Step 26

13
Disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Test the feed circuit of the relay switch for a short to ground.
Did you find and correct the condition?
--
Go to Step 20
Go to Step 14

14
Disconnect the AIR pump.
Test the feed circuit of the pump for a short to ground.
Did you find and correct the condition?
--
Go to Step 21
Go to Step 15

15
Reconnect the relay.
Reconnect the AIR pump.
Install a new fuse.
Use a scan tool in order to command the AIR pump ON.
Does the fuse open?
--
Go to Step 28
Go to Diagnostic Aids

16
Disconnect the AIR pump relay.

Is the pump still running?
--
Go to Step 24
Go to Step 25

17
Repair the open relay switch feed circuit. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

18
Test for an open in the AIR pump feed circuit.
Repair the circuit as necessary. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
--
Go to Step 29
Go to Step 25

19
Repair the open/high resistance in the AIR pump ground circuit. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

20
Repair the short to ground in the relay switch feed circuit. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

21
Repair the short to ground in the AIR pump feed circuit. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

22
Inspect for the following and make repairs as necessary:

A blocked or damaged combination valve
A restriction, blockage, disconnection, or other damage to the AIR hoses/pipes from the combination valve to the exhaust system
Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

23
Repair the vacuum system as necessary.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

24
Repair the short to voltage in the AIR pump feed circuit. Refer to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.

Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 29
--

25
Replace the AIR pump relay. Refer to Secondary Air Injection Pump Relay Replacement.

Did you complete the replacement?
--
Go to Step 29
--

26
Replace the affected AIR combination valve. Refer to AIR Check Valve/Pipe Replacement - Bank 2, or AIR Check Valve/Pipe Replacement - Bank 1.

Did you complete the replacement?
--
Go to Step 29
--

27
Test for faulty connections at the AIR pump. Refer to Testing for Intermittent and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems.

Did you find and correct the condition?
--
Go to Step 29
Go to Step 28

28
Replace the AIR pump. Refer to Secondary AIR Injection Pump Replacement.

Did you complete the replacement?
--
Go to Step 29
--

29
Use a scan tool in order to clear the DTCs.
Turn OFF the ignition and wait 15 seconds.
Operate vehicle within the conditions that are required for this diagnostic to run. Refer to Conditions for Running the DTC.
Does the scan tool indicate that this test ran and passed?
--
Go to Step 30
Go to Step 2

30
With a scan tool, review Captured Info.

Are there any DTCs that have not been diagnosed?
--
Go to the applicable DTC table
System OK
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Wednesday, February 13th, 2008 AT 10:04 AM

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