Mechanics

ENGINE LIGHT

2004 Pontiac Grand Prix • 120,000 miles

Runs good but have engine light
Po455 po496
Avatar
Helo10
April 21, 2013.



Both are evap codes.

You need a scan tool, smoke machine and voltmeter to check the system correctly.

Codes never identify bad parts, just failed systems

DTC P0455

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The control module tests the evaporative emission (EVAP) system for a large leak. The control module monitors the fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor signal to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. When the conditions for running are met, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve OPEN and the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve CLOSED. This allows engine vacuum to enter the EVAP system. At a calibrated time, or vacuum level, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve closed, sealing the system, and monitors the FTP sensor input in order to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. If the system is unable to achieve the calibrated vacuum level, or if the vacuum level decreases too rapidly, this DTC sets.

The table illustrates the relationship between the ON and OFF states, and the OPEN or CLOSED states of the EVAP canister purge and vent solenoid valves.

CONDITIONS FOR RUNNING THE DTC

•DTC P0107, P0108, P0112, P0113, P0116, P0117, P0118, P0120, P0125, P0442, P0443, P0446, P0449, P0452, P0453, P1111, P1112, P1114, P1115, P1125, P1351, P1352, P1361, P1362, P1516, P1518, P1201, P2107, P2108, P2119, P2120, P2125, P2135, P2138 are not set.
•The engine is running.
•The ignition voltage is between 10-18 volts.
•The barometric pressure (BARO) is more than 75 kPa.
•The fuel level is between 15-85 percent.
•The engine coolant temperature (ECT) is between 4-30°C (39-86°F).
•The intake air temperature (IAT) is between 4-30°C (39-86°F).
•The start-up ECT and IAT are within 9°C (16°F) of each other.
CONDITIONS FOR SETTING THE DTC
The EVAP system is not able to achieve or maintain vacuum during the diagnostic test.

ACTION TAKEN WHEN THE DTC SETS

•The control module illuminates the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) on the second consecutive ignition cycle that the diagnostic runs and fails.
•The control module records the operating conditions at the time the diagnostic fails. The first time the diagnostic fails, the control module stores this information in the Failure Records. If the diagnostic reports a failure on the second consecutive ignition cycle, the control module records the operating conditions at the time of the failure. The control module writes the operating conditions to the Freeze Frame and updates the Failure Records.
CONDITIONS FOR CLEARING THE MIL/DTC

•The control module turns OFF the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) after 3 consecutive ignition cycles that the diagnostic runs and does not fail.
•A current DTC, Last Test Failed, clears when the diagnostic runs and passes.
•A history DTC clears after 40 consecutive warm-up cycles, if no failures are reported by this or any other emission related diagnostic.
•Clear the MIL and the DTC with a scan tool.
DIAGNOSTIC AIDS

•To help locate intermittent leaks, use the J 41413-200 Evaporative Emissions System Tester (EEST) to introduce smoke into the EVAP system. Move all EVAP components while observing smoke with the J41413-SPT High Intensity White Light. Introducing smoke in 15 second intervals will allow less pressure into the EVAP system. When the system is less pressurized, the smoke will sometimes escape in a more condensed manner.
•A temporary blockage in the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve, purge pipe, or EVAP canister could cause an intermittent condition. Inspect and repair any restriction in the EVAP system.
•To improve the visibility of the smoke exiting the EVAP system, observe the suspected leak area from different angles with the J41413-SPT.
•Reviewing the Failure Records vehicle mileage since the diagnostic test last failed may help determine how often the condition that caused the DTC to be set occurs. This may assist in diagnosing the condition.
•For intermittent conditions, refer to Intermittent Conditions. See: Powertrain Management\Computers and Control Systems\Testing and Inspection\Initial Inspection and Diagnostic Overview\Diagnostic Strategies
TEST DESCRIPTION
The number below refers to the step number on the diagnostic table.

6.A normal operating FTP sensor should increase above 5 inches of H2O and stop between 6 inches of H2O and 7 inches of H2O.
TEST

Steps 1-3

Steps 4-6

Steps 7-15

Steps 16-24

Roy

ASEMaster6371
Apr 21, 2013.