2002 Cadillac Escalade Repair Question
02 Escalade All Wheel Front End
Hoping you can help me.
I have an 02 Escalade...( High Miler but great truck ).
I notice that when its cool the front drive axles are perfect but if I take her on the highway for about a half hour and it gets warmer, once I slow down as in a parking lot, the front drive axles are locking in as in 4x4. You can feel them binding on slow speed turns...
Let the truck sit for long enough and they are ok again.
It is possibly an internal transfer case fault. The clutch that differentiates power front to rear is a viscous type and is serviced only by replacement. A symptom occurring with heat, would definately be a characteristic of that item. Unfortunately, you could not remove a front driveshaft and isolate this concern, as it may cause damage. I have included the description of the single speed transfer case in your vehicle.
The NVG 149 RPO NP3 is a single speed, single mode transfer case. The mode is full-time all wheel drive. It has a planetary differential gear set that splits the torque, normally 38 percent to the front wheels and 62 percent to the rear wheels.
The NVG 149 utilizes magnesium housings. Proper fasteners, brackets, and fill/drain plugs must be used to prevent galvanic corrosion. The planetary differential uses the carrier (6) as the input. The annulus gear (4) connects to the rear output shaft (5) and rear wheels. The sun gear (3) connects to the front output shaft (7) and front wheels through the chain (8) and sprockets. The viscous coupling (2) consists of a sealed housing filled with a high viscosity silicone fluid and thin steel plates alternately splined to the inner and outer drum. The inner drum is connected to the input shaft (1), and the outer drum to the sun gear (3). Whenever there is a speed difference between the front and rear wheels, the inner and outer plates of the viscous coupling spin relative to each other and the silicone fluid provides resistance. The resistance was tuned to be high enough to bias power quickly to the wheels with traction, and low enough to prevent binding in a tight turn on dry surfaces. This is the most common way the viscous coupling is activated, the shear mode. If the speed difference is high, the coupling can lock or hump. This "hump" occurs when the heat generated, expands the fluid inside the housing, changing the fluid dynamics between the plates. This results in pressure between the plates, forcing them into contact with each other, similar to a clutch pack. In the hump mode, the coupling can bias torque 100 percent to one axle, if required. Situations requiring this are extreme such as backing up a steep gravel grade or climbing over off-road obstacles. The viscous coupling is not serviceable; it must be replaced if defective. This is because each viscous coupling is calibrated for optimum vehicle performance for both the shear and hump modes. If the viscous coupling is in the "hump" mode too long, severe damage will occur. To prevent damage to the viscous coupling, DO NOT:
• Tow with only two wheels down
• Drive without one propshaft
• Drive with a "donut" spare tire for an extended period of time
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