1995 Geo Tracker Repair Question
when i pulled into my driveway and parked my car after driving for about two hours, i noticed a white smoke or steam coming from underneath my hood. atfirst i thought it was just oil leaking out of my valve cover gasket. but then when i got out of the vehicle and opened my hood, i realized it was antifreeze. i could smell it. the smoke was coming from the back of my engine, atleast thats what my dad said when he saw it. today when i went to start my car, the first time it smelled as if something was burning underneath the hood. the second time i started it, there was no smell, but my engine was shaking violently. Is this my head gasket being blown, or could it be something minor? and how do i find out for sure what is wrong with it?
You have to actually look at it. Can't tell over a computer. The fact you didn't smell anything after one of the restarts suggests it is a slow leak and the coolant boiled off previously. Some of the possibilities are a corroded head gasket, rusted off heater hose clamp, leaking heater hose, corroded engine block core plug, leaking water pump, or a leaking heater core. Only the head gasket is relatively serious but the heater core can be rather time-consuming.
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Someone told me it could just be the thermostat is bad. is this possible?
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Nope. If the thermostat sticks open, the heater will blow cold air and the engine will not get up to normal operating temperature. If it sticks closed, the engine will overheat and you could see or hear coolant boiling into the reservoir. You might smell that but it usually won't be smoking, at least not from the back of the engine.
There are a few things that can be tested. First, a cooling system pressure tester can be used to pressurize the system, then you can look for leaks. Very often though, a head gasket leak might not show up until the engine is warmed up. This will help in locating an external leak.
When you see white smoke from the tail pipe, coolant is getting into the combustion chamber and burning along with the air and fuel. The cylinders go through rapid periods of pressure and vacuum. The coolant is drawn in and burned during the periods of vacuum. When there is pressure, combustion gases, (exhaust gas), is forced into the cooling system. Your mechanic has a tool to test for that. It is a glass cylinder with two chambers of dark blue liquid. Air from the radiator is drawn through those chambers. If combustion gases are present the liquid will turn bright yellow.
The third test, for an external leak, is to add a small bottle of dye to the coolant. After driving far enough to warm the engine, you search with a black light. The dye will show up bright yellow. You follow that to the source of the leak.
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