Brake Shoe - Wheel Cylinder - Drum Replacement

Step 39 - Once the retainer clips have been installed, reposition and attach the lower brake spring.

Install Brake Shoe Return Spring

Step 40 - To complete the shoe set reassembly, connect one side of the spring to the brake shoe.

Install Brake Shoe Return Spring

Step 41 - Then, using a pair of side cutters, grip the spring and pull in toward the secondary shoe while connecting it, this completes the shoe assembly phase of the repair.

Attach Main Return Spring

Step 42 - All brake shoes require a self a adjuster of some kind which must be reset and then re-adjusted when replacing brake shoes.

Reset Self Adjuster

Step 43 - Before the drum can be reinstalled it must be replaced or re-machined to ensure a square surface for the new shoe to connect when braking.

Brake Drum Lip

Step 44 - After the adjuster has been set, reinstall the brake drum, this process may need to be performed a number of times to fine tune the self adjuster. (Note: The drum should spin freely, with slight contact with the brake shoes.)

Reinstall Brake Brake

Step 45 - Once the drum has been installed, insert the drum-bearing retainer nut.

Reinstall Brake Drum Retainer Nut

Step 46 - After threading the retainer nut onto the axle, tighten the nut securely, the brake drum should still spin freely with minimal contact to the brake shoes.

Tighten Retainer Nut

Step 47 - Then, insert the bearing dust cap and tap into place using a hammer.

Install Bearing Dust Cap

Step 48 - Once the dust cap has been installed, lift the tire and install it onto the wheel studs.

Reinstall Tire

Step 49 - After the wheel has been installed, gather the lug nuts and thread them onto the wheel studs by hand to avoid cross threading.

Installing Wheel Lug Nuts

Step 50 - Next, tighten the lug nuts in a cross pattern, if an air impact wrench is not used, recheck lug tightness once the vehicle has been lowered onto the ground.

Tighten Lug Nuts


Written by
Co-Founder and CEO of
35 years in the automotive repair field, ASE Master Technician, Advanced Electrical and Mechanical Theory.


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Article first published (Updated 2015-01-06)